People fighting for their property people fighting

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People fighting for their property People fighting against tax collectors Central government d oesn’t have power/authority to stop it Currency tanks under Articles of Confederation Every state had different currency Central government had no army Understand the differences between the large and small state at the Constitutional Convention **Virginia Plan by Edmond Randolph - Strong central government supreme to states - Bicameral legislature Members of the House (lower chamber) chosen by the people and the senators (upper chamber) chosen by the House from a pool of nominees chosen by state legislators - Representation in the Congress determined by wealth or population - Strong executive and strong judiciary - Congress is the final arbiter of conflict **New Jersey Plan by William Patterson - Strong state governments equal to central government in some areas - Revamped articles (add power to tax and regulate) - Unicameral legislature Each state would have one vote chosen by the people - Executive chosen by congress possibly committee of 3 executives - National judiciary is the final arbiter ***The Great Compromise (aka the Connecticut Compromise) - Bicameral Congress (House and Senate) - House apportioned by population (elected by citizens) - Equal Senators per state (2 per state)(chosen by House of Representatives) - All revenue raising measures must start in lower chamber - Sole executive (chose by Electoral College) - Supreme court is final arbiter - Supremacy of national government ***Understand the main principles of the Constitution (Know examples) Rule by the people Separation of powers - Judicial, executive, and legislative (Figure 2.1 in book) Checks and balances (Figure 2.2 in book) Federalism (Table 3.2 in book) Limited government
What was the Supremacy Clause? Supremacy Clause - The U.S. Constitution stands supreme over state laws What is required to amend the Constitution? ***4 ways the Constitution can be amended LOOK UP MOST COMMON WAY - A -> Passage in House and Senate, each by 2/3 rd vote Route 1: C -> acceptance by majority vote in the legislatures of ¾ of the states (38 states) Route 2: D -> acceptance by conventions called for the purpose, in ¾ of the states (38 states) - B -> Passage in a national convention called by Congress in response to petitions by 2/3 of the states Only used for the 21 st amendment to appeal the 18 th (prohibition) amendment ****What is required to ratify the Constitution? Approval was needed from 9 of the 13 states for the Constitution to be formally adopted * Explain how the Constitution attempted to improve America’s governance and the major institutions it established National Unity and Power - States may pursue their own policies but be part of a common economy - Also asked to respect contracts made in other states Bill of Rights - Constitution passed in 1787 put into effect in 1789 - Bill of Rights added in 1791 - Guarantees of rights and liberties in amendments 1-9 - 10 th amendment and reserved powers - 9 th

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