• Lost 55% of territory • Lost natural resources – gold, silver, copper, etc.
Los Niños héroes = The Boy Heroes • Winfield Scott leads army against Veracruz and Puebla • Attacks Mexico City. Three battles. Final Battle of Chapultapec • Castle of Chapultapec is a military academy • Six cadets between 13-17 years old stay and fight to the end • They jump off the walls to their death as the Americans are capturing the castle • Juan Escutia wraps himself in the Mexican flag and jumps to his death • This historical event is significant in Mexican history and represents the Mexican view of the war.
Aftermath of the Treaty of Guadalupe- Hidalgo • Mexico lost ½ of its territory • Mexico lost the natural resources of: • California=gold • Nevada=silver • Arizona=copper • Texas = cattle • New Mexico = sheep
Tejanos and Californios • Lost land to the Anglo settlers • Squatters • Courts they couldn’t understand (English, American customs) • Tax laws they were not familiar with • Paperwork they did not have • 1850 US census Tejanos comprised 32.4% of the workers in Texas and owned 33% of the wealth • In 1870 census Tejanos were 47.6% of the workers and owned 10.6% of the wealth.
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