The minor penalties associated with misdemeanour

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The minor penalties associated with misdemeanour convictions are not a sufficient deterrent” [Premise] The sentence was justified [Conclusion] Audience: Society generally. Opponents: Those who place other values (like entertainment) above the suffering of animals. e) They were not sufficient, she claimed, because “dog fighting yields such large profits for participants [that dog fighters] merely absorb these fines as part of the cost of doing business.” Argument: Dog fighting yields such large profits for participants [that dog fighters] merely absorb these fines as part of the cost of doing business. [Premise] Minor penalties are not sufficient [Conclusion] Audience: Society and those who might perpetuate such crimes in the future. Opponents: Those who place other values (like entertainment) above the suffering of animals. 2. A discussion of the dog-trainer’s case above might easily evolve in a way that considers many related issues. Given that it is wrong to be cruel to animals, why is it permissible to kill them and eat them? Isn’t killing animals a form of cruelty? Identify the position you would propound on the question whether it is permissible to eat animals. Construct a short argument responding to the views of your opponents in this context. In the argument suggested, the premise is “killing something is a form of cruelty,” and the conclusion is “it is wrong to kill and eat animals.”
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Good Reasoning Matters! A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking, Fifth Edition © Oxford University Press Canada, 2012 The following argument might be used to address this: Premise: Killing that is painless and free of suffering is not cruel. Premise : Animals that are killed for food under government regulations are killed without pain or suffering. Conclusion : Animals that are killed for food are not treated cruelly. Major Exercise 1M 1. What is the argument in the following advertisement from Family , which features a large photo of a baby, accompanied by text? Who is the intended audience? How can you tell? Y OU RE THE ONE WHO HAS PROMISED TO PROTECT HER . P ROTECT HER SCALP FROM IRRITATION WITH NEW IMPROVED J OHNSON S B ABY S HAMPOO , THE ONLY ONE CLINICALLY PROVEN HYPOALLERGENIC . Argument: You have promised to protect her. So, you should protect her scalp. To do that you need new improved Johnson’s baby shampoo. So you should buy Johnson’s baby shampoo. Audience: The intended audience is mothers of newborns. Such an audience would be most susceptible to the emotional appeal conveyed by the words and the image.
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  • Summer '12
  • CARAZZA
  • University Press Canada, Good Reasoning Matters

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