Response associations humanistic perspectives a

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response associations Humanistic PerspectivesA theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth Humanistic psychologists believe animal research does not prove anything about humans1) People can rise about their primitive animal heritage and control their biological urges2) People are largely conscious and rational beings who are not dominated by unconscious, irrational needs and conflicts Maintain that a persona subjective view of the world is more important than objective reality Phenomenological approachassumes that one has to appreciated individuals personal, subjective experiences to truly understand their behavior Rogers’s Person-Centered Theory One of the founders of human potential movementThis movement emphasizes self-realitzation through sensitivity training, encouter groups etc. Based his theory on extensive therapeutic interactions with subjective point of viewThe Self Self concepta collection of beliefs about ones own nature, unique qualities and typical behaviorYour own mental picture of yourselfCollection of self-perceptionsMay not be entirely consistent with your experiencesGap between self-concept and reality incongruenceIncongruencethe degree of disparity between ones self concept and ones actual experience Development of the Self How childhood experiences promote congruence or incongruence between ones self concept and ones experience
People have a strong need for affection, love and acceptance from others Parents provide this in early stages Conditional love and unconditional love If individuals grow up believing that affection from others is highly conditional, they will go on to distort more and more of their experiences in order to feel worthy Anxiety and DefenseExperiences that threaten peoples personal views of themselves are the principal cause of troublesome anxiety The more inaccurate your self-concept, the more likely you are to have experiences that clash with your self-perceptions To ward off anxiety, individuals often behave defensively in an effort to reinterpret their experience so that it appears consistent with their self conceptMaslow’s Theory of Self-ActualizationHierarchy of NeedsA systematic arrangement of needs, according to priority, in which basic needs must be met before less basic needs are aroused Usually portrayed as a periodThe need toward the bottom are the most basicHigher levels are less basicWhen someone satisfies one level, the next level is activatedArgued that humans have an innate driver toward personal growthHigher level includes the need for self-actualizationneed to fulfill ones potential; it is the highest need in Maslow’s motivational hierarchy The Healthy Personality Self-actualizing personspeople with exceptionally healthy personalities,

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