To confirm this thesis although some disadvantages of

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to confirm this thesis, although some disadvantages of GFRC, such as lateral stiffness have been found. The architecture of Zaha Hadid represents a beauty and complexity of material reinforced with fibre glass, whereas its popularity in impoverished and developing countries such as India makes it a new kind of low-cost building element. 1. Introduction The invention of Glass Fibre Reinforced materials in late 50’s was an indisputable breakthrough in the world of building components. Russia and China were the first countries, which initiated tests on adding E Glass and C Glass reinforcements to various materials, such as cement. For almost 50 years of ongoing development GFR concrete and polyester, it became one of the most popular and versatile building material available to architects and engineers. Its astonishing properties and thereby a large number of usage methods inspired, among others, one of the greatest architects – Zaha Hadid. It would not be an overstatement to describe her the utmost creator of buildings based on GRFC materials.
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WMCAUS 2018 IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 471 (2019) 082054 IOP Publishing doi:10.1088/1757-899X/471/8/082054 2 Heydar Aliyev Centre in Baku (Azerbaijan), Capital Hill Residence in Moscow, The One Thousand Museum residential tower in Miami are just few of the projects she has designed with the use of GFRC structures. As a great popularizer of the mentioned material, she has worked on projects with a number of the Members of the International Glassfibre Reinforced Concrete Association (GRCA) on GRC clad projects all over the world. Zaha was a great supporter of the GRC Association and user of GRC, attending and speaking at the GRCA's Congresses. Throughout a deep research of bibliography focused on properties of GFRC and its use in Zaha Hadid architecture, a list of high-quality features and ecological attributes has been prepared in the paragraphs below. Despite acknowledging the material as a brick of our future, the summary conclusions also present disadvantages of GFRC usage. Nevertheless, materials reinforced with glass fibre dominated the world of architecture and still remain unmatched. 2. GFRC – Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete 2.1. History of material In the late 50’s and early 60’s E glass and C glass were being proposed as reinforcements for concrete in Russia and China. It was thought that due to its very high tensile strength and elastic modulus glassfibre would be a good reinforcement for concrete, which is inherently brittle. However, what occurred within the next years was, that E glass and C glass fibres were not stable in concrete due to the high alkalinity of the matrix. Scientists focused on the use of low alkali cement and acrylic polymers to overcome this, but after a failure, the projects were abandoned.
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  • Fall '19
  • GFRC

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