13 of americans have negative feelings towards

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1/3 of Americans have negative feelings towards infected individuals Parasitic Infestations Public lice : an infestation of the parasite Phthirus pubis , which attach themselves to pubic hair and feed on blood (“crabs”) o Travel very slowly. So they are almost always transmitted by skin-to- skin contact o Chance of getting them with an infected partner is 95% o Lice typically does not live more than 24 hours away form the human body, but any eggs that fall off can survive and hatch up to 10 days later o Can eliminate them by applying 1% permethrin cream rinse to the infested area and all other hairy body areas. Repeat treatment in 7-10 days. Scabies : a contagious infestation of parasitic mites that burrow under the know to lay their eggs o Result in red, itchy, pimple-like bumps o Most common in people living and sleeping in crowded conditions o Treated with permethrin 5% cream Pinworms : live in the large intestine and are generally gotten through non- sexual contact with the worm’s eggs, but which can be transmitted sexually by anus or oral contact with the anus of an infected person Amebiasis : dysentery caused by infestation of amoebae, one-celled organisms Vaginal Infections Trichomoniasis (Trichimonas vaginalis infection) o Trichomoniasis : a type of vaginitis caused by one-celled protozoan that is usually transmitted during sexual intercourse Symptoms appear 4 days to 1 month after exposure and include a copious, frothy, whitish-green discharge with a foul odor accompanied by severe vaginal itching Most men show no symptoms-act as carriers Can lead to infertility, premature labor Diagnosis is made by examining any discharge and growing the parasite in culture Eradicated by a drug called metronidazole Moniliasis (Candidiasis) o Caused by an overgrowth of a microorganism that is normally found in the vagina o It is a fungus or yeast infection that is very common in women Downloaded by breanna baric ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|3232224
o ¾ of all women will experience it at least once in their lifetime and 40%-45% will experience it at least twice o About 10% to 20% of women have what is called recurrent candidiasis- four or more episodes a year o Symptoms: thick, white, curdy discharge accompanied by intense itching o “Yeast infections” o Anything that changes the normal chemical environment of the vagina can result in an overgrowth- antibiotics, hormone changes, diabetes Bacterial Vaginosis o Very common type of vaginitis that is caused by several vaginal bacteria replacing other normal hydrogen peroxide-producing vaginal bacteria o Most common among African-American women and women who have sex with women o The use of condoms decreased the prevalence o Vaginal douching increases the likelihood of getting bacterial vaginitis o Main complaint is the vaginal odor (fishy) o Abnormal discharge (grayish and non-clumpy) Cystitis Refers to a bacterial infection of the bladder, often called a UTI

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