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Severe economic issues and stagnationoOver reliance on oiloLagging behind all other regions of development and economic growthoUntold suffering of 10s to 100s of millions of its citizensHome to some of the longest and strongest empiresAhead of European leaders for most of the last 2000 yearsUsed to be the center of world trade but not anymoreoCenter of world energy marketRapidly growing populationoFastest growing on planet earthCenter of the existence of our speciesDifferent groups of people
oThe ArabsoThe JewsoThe KurdsoThe TurksMaking the Middle: Who, What, Where?Term Middle was coined in 1902 by US naval officeroEverything in the Asian region south of the Black Sea between the Mediterranean Sea all the way to India Terms Near East and Far East were made up from the European/Imperial powers that took over the world oFar east: China, Japan oNear east: middle eastMiddle east has always been defined by outsidersoIncluding its nameDefine a region based on religion oIslamCore refers to Southwest Asian countries of the Arabian PeninsulaoSaudi ArabiaoYemenoOmanoUnited Arab EmiratesoQataroBahrainoKuwaitoJordanoIraqoSyriaoLebanonoIsraeloPalestineoCyprusoTurkeyoIranoEgypt (actually part of Africa)Countries in Africa but still considered part of the Middle East (separated by Red Sea)oSudanoEritreaoDjiboutioSomaliaoLibyaoTunisiaoAlgeria
oMoroccooWestern SaharaoMauritaniaSahel separates North Africa from South Africa (Sahara Desert)oNorthern MalioNiger oChadoSudanSplit into Sudan and south Sudano