In a hypothetical imperative the action is done out

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In a hypothetical imperative the action is done out of necessary for some purpose. Hypothetical imperatives tell us what we should do provided the fact that we have certain desires. Kant argues that categorical imperatives apply moral conduct in relation to performing one’s duty within the contents of good will. Unlike hypothetical imperatives, categorical imperatives are universal. 6. Bentham Bentham first defines utility as a property in any object, by which it tends to produce benefit, advantage, good or happiness or to tend to prevent the happening of mischief, pain or evil to the party whose interest is concerned. Bentham has a six-step process by which someone can “take into account the general tendency of an act” (215). The first step is to distinguish pleasure, which appears in the first instance. The second is to distinguish pain, which appears in the first instance. The third is to distinguish pleasure, which appears after the first. The fourth is to distinguish each pain, which appears after the first. The fifth is to sum the values of the pleasures and those of the pains. Whether there are more pleasures or pains decides whether it has good tendency towards the whole community or a bad tendency towards the community. Bentham says that an action that is conformable to the principle of utility “is one that ought to be done, or at least that it is not one that might not be done” (211). 7. Nietzsche Nietzsche says that the distinctions of moral values between master-morality and slave- morality originated in a ruling caste, where masters were “pleasantly conscious of being different from the ruled” (275). From the perspective of the master, the distinguishing characteristic of “good” is the proud nature masters. These masters separate themselves from “beings in whom the opposite of this is exalted” (275). Nietzsche says that from the
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