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After WW2, the presence of Jews in Europe reduced dramatically. Germany was put to shame. Hitler's policies forced Jews to flee to Israel, where most Jews are concentrated today. Nazi figures were forced to face trial for their inhumane acts. The consciousness of Jews had forever changedoAppeasement Appeasement is the policy of giving leaders what they want to avoid war. It is most associated with Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. During the Munich Agreement on September 30, 1938, without consulting Czech authorities, he gave Hitler Sudetenland as long as Hitler promised not to invade Czechoslovakia. Chamberlain was confident that he had secured 'peace for our time'. The appeasement was met with many critics and failed. The agreement emboldened Hitler.His plan for creating a greater Germany made him invade the rest of Czechoslovakia. Six months later, Hitler's need for Lebensraum grew as he invaded Poland, forcing Britain and France to defend Poland, and thus starting WW2. A misguided belief in 'peace in our time' was replaced by a reluctant acceptance of the inevitability of war. After eight months of ineffectual wartime leadership, Chamberlain was replaced by Winston Churchill.oNuremberg LawsThe Nuremberg Laws were passed on September 15, 1935, to revoke Jewish citizenship and political rights in Germany and prevent them from having any relationship with German blood. They defined what a Jew was and thus made official the Nazi persecution of Jews. This was Hitler's plan to create a pure Aryan race. The
VU ESSAYS CLASSIFIED DOCUMENT #1laws define a Jew as anyone who has at least 3 fully Jewish grandparents or fully Jewish parents and is married to a Jew. Many Germans who had stopped practicing Judaism found themselves in Hitler's grip.The Nuremberg Laws were a prequel to Hitler's Final Solution. They associated the word "Jew" falsely with race rather than religion. Jews couldn’t do anything to change their status. Under the laws, Jews in Germany were not citizens but subjects ofthe stateoNeutrality ActsThe Neutrality Acts were signed by FDR to prevent U.S involvement in foreign war. They were founded on the belief that the U.S had been drawn in WW1 to protect financial deals. The 1st act, signed in 1935, prohibited the shipment of arms to belligerent countries and required arms manufactures to have an export license. The 2nd act, passed in 1936, prohibited Americans from extending any loans to belligerents. The 3rd act, passed in 1937 due to the Spanish Civil War, prohibited citizens from selling arms to belligerents in Civil Wars. It also gave the President authority to bar all belligerents from U.S waters. However, the "cash-and-carry provision" allowed assistance to France and Britain. The 4th act, passed in 1939 after Germany's invasion of Czechoslovakia, lifted the arms embargo and put all trade with belligerents under "cash-and-carry".