CONCEPTS IN SOCIOLINGUISTICS-3.Outline

Multilingual societies typically multilingual

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    Multilingual Societies Typically, multilingual societies tend to  assign different tasks to different  language or language varieties, e.g., One language might be used as home  language, to be used with family and  close friends; Another language for doing business  with government agencies.
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    How Multilingual Nations Develop Nations become Multingual through: A. Migration B. Federation C. Imperialism
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    Contd.,  A. Migration:  1. Large group expands its territory by  moving into contiguous area,  simultaneously taking control over smaller  social groups that are already there. E.g.,  Catalonians in Spain, Bretons in France; 2. Immigration: as in the case of the US.  Immigrants arrive speaking a number of  languages, thus adding to the host nation’s  multilingualism.
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    Contd. B. Imperialism:  1. Colonization 2. Annexation 3. Economic Imperialism
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    Contd.,  A. Federation: Union of diverse ethnic  groups or nationalities under the  political control of one state: E.g.,  a. Switzerland: French, German,  Italian, Romansch b. Belgium: French and Flemish
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    Contd.  C. Border area multilingualism: French speakers in Northern USA who  are closer to Canadian French  speakers in Quebec
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    Percent of children speaking only English at home -  Comparison between 1990 and 2000       
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