Historical Perspective in Relation to the Future According to Baum Kurose and

Historical perspective in relation to the future

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Historical Perspective in Relation to the Future According to Baum, Kurose and McPherson (2013) , the time of quiet ambition in American higher education is dated back in 1960s.People crowded in grade schools and high schools but it was not the case for colleges. Education for undergraduates was operated through private non-profit colleges and 4 year institutions financed by the state government. Enrollments were very small. America needed to develop a more educated population. Access to higher education was unequal and determined by racial and ethnic background and family income but Clark Kerr, the president of the University of California put in place a plan that ensured that every high school graduate accessed publicly funded college education. A move that was strongly supported by the federal government and the first higher education act was signed under Lyndon Johnson in 1965.One of the provisions of the act was to offer grants to districts that served low income students. In the 1970s, these elements were still in place. The pattern of expansion in terms of institutions and student enrollment increased government expenditure in the 80s and 90s.The government focuses on students access and success then paying for college education ,ensuring quality services are offered and a continuity of the same becomes causes a strain on the taxpayers. Unlike before, it was optional for people to join institutions of higher learning after high school but in the 21 st century, it is unavoidable. Firms are employing highly skilled and
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LITERATURE 4 technologically competent people hence the need for post-secondary education. Today, higher education is funded by the states, federal government and private organizations that offer scholarships to students from low-income families and illegal immigrants. Federal government spends more than the states on education funding. The two channel education resources differently. The government provides financial aid to individual students and specific research projects while the states fund general operations of public institutions. Although there are programs to offer grants to students especially from low income families, most students have to raise tuition fee which is very high especially for those enrolled in private/profit institutions.
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