These characteristics are found in indeed make for a

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These characteristics are found in (indeed make for) a well-developed financial market. 10. Securitization leads to disintermediation; that is, securitization provides a means for market participants to bypass intermediaries. For example, mortgage-backed securities channel funds to the housing market without requiring that banks or thrift institutions make loans from their own portfolios. As securitization progresses, financial intermediaries must increase other activities such as providing short-term liquidity to consumers and small business, and financial services. 11. Financial assets make it easy for large firms to raise the capital needed to finance their investments in real assets. If General Motors, for example, could not issue stocks or bonds to the general public, it would have a far more difficult time raising capital. Contraction of the supply of financial assets would make financing more difficult, thereby increasing the cost of capital. A higher cost of capital means less investment and lower real growth. 1-3
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12. Mutual funds accept funds from small investors and invest, on behalf of these investors, in the national and international securities markets. Pension funds accept funds and then invest, on behalf of current and future retirees, thereby channeling funds from one sector of the economy to another. Venture capital firms pool the funds of private investors and invest in start-up firms. Banks accept deposits from customers and loan those funds to businesses, or use the funds to buy securities of large corporations. 13. Even if the firm does not need to issue stock in any particular year, the stock market is still important to the financial manager. The stock price provides important information about how the market values the firm's investment projects. For example, if the stock price rises considerably, managers might conclude that the market believes the firm's future prospects are bright. This might be a useful signal to the firm to proceed with an investment such as an expansion of the firm's business. In addition, the fact that shares can be traded in the secondary market makes the shares more attractive to investors since investors know that, when they wish to, they will be able to sell their shares. This in turn makes investors more willing to buy shares in a primary offering, and thus improves the terms on which firms can raise money in the equity market. 14. Treasury bills serve a purpose for investors who prefer a low-risk investment. The lower average rate of return compared to stocks is the price investors pay for predictability of investment performance and portfolio value. 15.
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These characteristics are found in indeed make for a well...

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