priority of his government (bipartisan support for free trade)-1985 Shamrock summit1980s pro and con free trade:PRO: Business elite (lobby group, speaking for business elite *Business council on national issues)
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Canadian consumers (they want lower prices) ** PricesCON: labor (workers + unions) defending canadian jobs and can be fearful ** labour movement feel threatened NDP came into existence in 1961, Liberals oppose free trade-CONS still: (critics: losing independence) Specific: branch plants economy will disappear , and the jobs with them will disappear too “Race to the bottom” taxes, wages etc getting worse and worsepressure on government to keep business around, make them happy-Reduce regulations, cut taxes “Leaner, meaner” social welfare programs could be compromised thru lower levels of taxation for businesses…GENERAL: Border will be changing, Canada existence threatened Mandate: permission from voters… 1988 major election: over FREE TRADE (hotly contested election), in election Mulroney are in favor of free trade, and liberals are anti free trade, Turner is on board with liberals tooTurner fights against free trade, saying bad for canada and economy, general concerns that canada's very survival will be threatened (he thinks Mulroney has sold Canada out) But Mulroney thought it would HELP Canada. 1988 election: outcome: Mulroney and conservatives WIN, free trade became legal reality jan 1 1989. Did canadians want free trade? YES. FTA (Free trade agreement ) to NAFTASECOND BIG THEME:Mulroney wants to turn canada into big happy family -Opens up the constitution, about changing it.-Meech Lake agreement (retreat they went on), a new constituinal deal which would make Quebec happy ‘distinct society’ -More power of court appointments, GIVING PROVINCE MORE POWER (Trudeais opposite)-Bourassa Problems1.New premiers (NB) (NB) NL- Clyde wells (liberal and in mold of trudeau) he doesn't wanna give quebec special privilege. 2.Trudeau ‘Balkanization’- conflict 3.Indigenous voices speak out against Meech lake agreement. 1987/ Way too considered with “settler”Canada, aka non indigenous canada. Switch POV’s. -Elijah Harper (Manitoba + Cree). -If mantibo doesn't agree, Meech lake won't happen.
-1960s surge (intensification) o f indig. Resistance. -OKA CRISIS: town in quebec, wants to build a golf course, gov decides not to.- charlottetown accord: Meech lake 2.0Mulroney approaches things in a more inclusive way, indig leaders actively involved in negotiations. Same thing as Meech lake but MORE. recognition of indig peoples to self govern ,before was undemocratic, put to a referendum (do we like it or not?) -Canada rejects it. R.O.C (majority provinces rejected it) especially strong in Western Canada. AB fed up with federal gov obsession with Quebec. WESTERN ALIENATION STUDY FOR EXAM!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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