Overall, its less about the baby’s welfare that we are striving to maximize and more of the general communities around it. Unfortunately, most of the parties who would support this cause are nonvocal, which includes mother’s needing to put their child up for adoption as
well as the babies themselves. Parties who are against the idea of a free market, like adoption agencies themselves, are vocal and would disagree with this cause. Terminology:Independent adoptions:Adoptions made without the use of an adoption agency. Oftentimes will involve other middlemen to set prospective parents up with mothers, find doctors, etc. Are smaller than would be expected due to the extra costs necessary to organize one.Why Some Things Should Not Be For Sale- AimunAuthor- Debra Satz, Stanford philosophy professor1.Introduction1.Markets are important forms of social and economic organization1.Cooperate in a system of voluntary exchange2.Mutually adjust their activities3.Most efficient way we have to produce and distribute4.Extending to new domains-- environmental pollution2.Concerns of markets1.Organs2.Reproductive services3.Blood diamonds4.Sex5.Weapons6.Life-saving medicines7.Addictive drugs8.Credit derivativesAll considered noxious markets2.Child labor1.Some economists say banning it was a mistake1.Some families rely on the labor of their children for survival2.Many maintain keep young children from working is a moral requirement2.Human kidneys1.Currently illegal in every developed society2.Ban is inefficient because without it more would be supplied and lives would be saved2.Overall1.Are there some things that shouldn't be bought or sold?2.What is it about these markets that is noxious?3.How should social policies respond to this?2.Markets are not a homogeneous institution, raising similar issues across distinct domains
1.They allocate resources among different uses and distribute income among different people, but particular markets also shape our politics and cultures, even our identities2.Efficiency is clearly not the only value relevant to assessing markets1.Social justice matters2.Who we are, how we relate to one another, what society we can have2.Some goods are necessary if citizens are to be equal, and therefore should be guaranteed as a right1.T.H. Marshall2.Education, access to employment, healthcare, and votes lie outside the domain of the market3.Also true for freedom of speech4.Satz disagrees with many details, but some markets shape individuals and society in problematic ways and should be shielded from the market2.Plan of the Book1.First part introduces the market as an economic and social mechanism for setting price, coordinating behavior, and promoting choice1.Markets often more efficient for everyone involved2.Not all examples3.Can't be yes or no on market economy, must understand where it belongs and where it doesn't4.Old philosophers have pointed out shortcomings1.Smith- risky motivations of the borrowers of money2.
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