Given amount of creatinine out of the plasma within a

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given amount of creatinine out of the plasma within a given time period. Creatinine is a substance produced from the breakdown of muscle and is cleared by the kidney at a constant rate. This test is used to determine the glomerular filtration rate or the ability of the kidney to clear substances out of the plasma. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) measures the amount of urea in the plasma and, although it is reflective of kidney function, it can be affected by both protein intake and fluid balance. Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) identifies the structures of the urinary system, not the function. Renal ultrasound identifies renal or perirenal masses or obstructions.
 According to evidence-based practice for patients undergoing stem cell transplants, which NANDA nursing diagnoses would be appropriate?
Select all that apply.
hospitalization and recovery. Prior to transplant with stem cells, the patient receives total body chemotherapy, causing bone marrow suppression. Therefore, the WBCs are depleted prior to the transplant, and the ability to fight off an infection is decreased significantly, creating the need for strict isolation for the patient. With chemotherapy, there often is a tendency for nausea and vomiting, leading to fluid loss and not fluid retention. Therefore, the patient is more likely to have a "deficit" rather than an "excess" when receiving stem cell transplants. Steroid treatment can cause a fluid shift, but usually not an "excess fluid balance."  The nurse is caring for a patient who states, "My urine has a red-tinged appearance." Which of these questions would be the most important for the nurse to ask this patient?

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