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Iv basic hostility and basic anxiety all children

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IV.Basic Hostility and Basic AnxietyAll children need feelings of safety and security, but these can begained only by love from parents. Unfortunately, parents oftenneglect, dominate, reject, or overindulge their children,conditions that lead to the child's feelings ofbasic hostilitytoward parents. If children repress basic hostility, they willdevelop feelings of insecurity and a pervasive sense ofapprehension calledbasic anxiety. People can protectthemselves from basic anxiety by (1) affection, (2)Feist, Theories of Personality, 8eStudent Study Guide-6| 2
Chapter 6 Horney: Psychoanalytic Social Theorysubmissiveness, (3) power or prestige, and (4) withdrawal.Normal people have the flexibility to use any or all of theseapproaches, but neurotics are compelled to rely rigidly on onlyone.V.Compulsive DrivesNeurotic individuals are frequently trapped in a vicious circle inwhich their compulsive need to reduce basic anxiety leads to avariety of self-defeating behaviors; these behaviors then producemore basic anxiety, and the circle continues.A.Neurotic NeedsHorney identified 10neurotic needsthat mark neurotic people intheir attempt to reduce basic anxiety. These include (1) needs foraffection and approval, (2) needs for a partner (3) needs torestrict one's life within narrow borders, (4) needs for power, (5)needs to exploit others, (6) needs for social recognition orprestige, (7) needs for personal admiration, (8) needs forambition and personal achievement, (9) needs for self-sufficiencyand independence, and (10) needs for perfection andunassailability.B.Neurotic TrendsLater, Horney grouped these 10 neurotic needs into three basicneurotic trends; (1)moving toward people, (2)moving againstpeople,and (3)moving away from people.Each of these trendscan apply to both normal and neurotic individuals in their attemptto solvebasic conflict. However, whereas neurotic people arecompelled to follow only one neurotic trend, normal individualsare sufficiently flexible to adopt all three. People who moveneurotically toward others adopt a compliant attitude in order toprotect themselves against feelings of helplessness;people whomove against others do so through aggressive behaviors thatprotect them against perceived hostility from others; and peoplewho move away from others do so in adetached manner thatprotects them against feelings of isolation by appearing arrogantand aloof.VI.Intrapsychic ConflictsPeople also experience inner tensions or intrapsychic conflictsthat become part of their belief systems and take on lives of theirown, separate from the interpersonal conflicts that created them.A.The Idealized Self-ImageFeist, Theories of Personality, 8eStudent Study Guide-6| 3
Chapter 6 Horney: Psychoanalytic Social TheoryPeople who do not receive love and affection during childhoodare blocked in heir attempt to acquire a stable sense of identity.

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Term
Fall
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Psychology, Karen Horney, The Unconscious,

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