CHS 413 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY

33 types of occupational diseases the types are

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3.3 Types of Occupational Diseases The types are hereby presented according to the systems of the body being affected.
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1. Respiratory Diseases They are diseases that can affect the organs of the respiratory system such as the nose, nasal cavity, the trachea, the bronchus, and the Lungs. Such diseases include: acute inflammatory diseases, Rhinitis, pneumonia, asthma, pneumoconiosis, dyspnoea, cough which can be dry and productive, pleural plague diseases, cancers, farmers lung disease, anthracosis, silicosis, asbestosis, bagassosis, byssinosis, tabacosis and others. The diseases can cause impairment of air entry into the lungs by either narrowing the airways or producing ventilatory failures. Some of the respiratory diseases can causes permanent damage to the respiratory systems especially the lungs. They can gradually affect the worker by gradually reducing the working capacity thereby causing serious setback in industrial production. 2. Occupational Diseases of the Liver Industrial or occupational diseases that affect the liver gain access into the body through the skin abrasions and alimentary track to the liver cells to cause the following disease hepatitis, cancer, hepatomegaly, multilobular cirrhosis of the liver, fatty degeneration of the liver, uraemia and so on. 3. Occupational Diseases of the Cardio-vascular System They are diseases conditions that affect the heart and the blood vessels. Such diseases include: hypertension, anaemia, heart failure, angina pectoris, myocardial infection, stroke, leukaemia, arrhythmias, coronary heart diseases, other cardiac anomalies and many others. Most of these diseases incapacitate the workers especially the chronic ones.
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4. Occupational Diseases of the Gastro-intestinal System Common diseases of gastro-intestinal track reported by workers included: diarrhoea, vomiting, typhoid, gastritis, gastric ulcer, constipation, cancer, gastro enteritis, oesophageal fistulae and many others. The diseases mostly occur through ingestion of substances, chemicals and through starvation or wrong timing of feeding. 5. Occupational Diseases of the Genito-Urinary System Common diseases affecting the system included: Cancers, diabetes mellitus, renal stone, renal failure, haematuria, kidney failure, typhoid fever, acute nephrosis, nephrotic syndrome and many others. 6. Occupational Diseases of the Skin (dermatologic) The diseases include: irritant contact dermatitis, allergic diseases, skin cancers, acne, skin pigmentation, and thickening of the skin, skin manifestation, thickening of the skin, skin manifestation of systemic toxicity, heat and cold damages, parasitic diseases such as mites. These are common diseases experience by workers in different occupations and they can be quite incapacitating. 7. Occupational Diseases of the Musculo Skeletal System They include: osteoporosis, muscular pains, and rickettsiae 8. Occupational Diseases of the haemopoetic system include leukaemia, anaemia, lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia and many others.
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  • Spring '12
  • OLI
  • Sula, Occupational safety and health, occupational health

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