References Commitment to the role of the teacher as a facilitator of learning. (2007). Retrieved January 30, 2007 from Change From Description Change To Description Teacher-centered Teachers spend time disseminating information to students through direct instruction Student-centered Teachers act as facilitators, coaching students as they work on authentic projects Content Coverage Teachers cover content through direct instruction and move at a pace to ensure that all material is presented, whether it is learned or not. Learning and Doing Teachers design projects to address essential academic standards. Student performance on projects demonstrates proficiency or deficiency with respect to standards. Intervention is done for students not meeting standards. Memorizing information Teachers spend most time involved in direct instruction, with assessment occurring as a test at the end where recall of information is tested. Using information Teachers have students use information to develop authentic projects where mastery of information is demonstrated in the way information is used in the project. Lecturer Teachers spend most of their time involved in “stand and deliver”. Knowledge comes from the teacher. Facilitator The teacher provides projects that involve students doing research and assimilating the knowledge themselves. Teachers act as coaches and provide support as needed by students. They take on the role of project manager. Whole Group Configuration All students receive the same instruction. One size fits all. Flexible Grouping Configuration Based on Individual Student Needs Teachers group students based on needs. Instruction seldom is to the whole group. Rather, instruction occurs with individuals, pairs, or small groups as needed. Single Instructional and Learning Modality Multiple Instructional and Learning Modalities to Include All Students Memorization and Recall Tests are the primary means of assessment and focus on recall and lower level thinking. Higher Order Thinking Skills Teachers assign projects to the class that requires higher order thinking (synthesis, analysis, application, and evaluation). Unit 3 - Page 129
Single Discipline The class is conducted in an isolated manner without connections to other classes or subjects. Interdisciplinary Teachers have students complete projects that are designed to use information and skills that cut across other subject areas. Some projects and assignments may be done collaboratively between two or more classes (e.g., history, science, and language arts – a study of what really might have happened at the Little Big Horn) Isolated Students are encouraged to work individually Collaborative Teachers allow students to work collaboratively on projects and network with others in the class, as well as experts outside of school.
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- Educational Psychology, 21st century, Learning Guide, Learning Sciences International