21 service tiers it is closer to the proportion that

This preview shows page 21 - 24 out of 39 pages.

21
service tiers it is closer to – the proportion that these groups make upin the national population. The reservations policy has a great deal todo with this comparative achievement. Even among the businessschools and engineering colleges that we examined, the share of SCsand STs was higher within state-run institutions compared toprivately-managed ones. The top-tier business school and the top-tierengineering college, both state-run, thus have higher proportions ofSCs and STs compared to their lower-tier counterparts, nearly all ofwhich are in private hands.The silver lining in these otherwise uninspiring results is thateven these low rates of representation are higher than historicaltrends. The current proportions represent a distinct improvement, forexample, upon the results reported for the late 1960s by Rajagopaland Singh (1968), who found not a single SC or ST in the eliteengineering college that they surveyed. Similar results, giving causefor some optimism in this regard, are presented by Deshpande andPalshikar (2008) and by Hnatkovska, Lahiri and Paul (2013).Unfortunately,ruralSCs and STs have been almost entirelyunable to make it into business schools and engineering colleges, andtheir share within the civil services is also low. The combination SC(or ST) and P1 (fewer than four assets) similarly yielded tiny numbersthroughout. Not one poor ST made it to any engineering college orbusiness school.The greatest improvement upon historical trends has been madeby women. In the 1960s, there were almost no women in eliteengineering or management institutions. Partly as a consequence,“women today comprise only two per cent of the total managerialstrength in the Indian corporate sector.”32Similarly, in 1975, womenconstituted an infinitesimally small proportion (0.68 percent) ofengineering graduates, rising over the years, but still only 8.74percent in 1988 (Parikh and Sukhatme 2004). The higher civil serviceshave also traditionally been a male preserve. Among all IAS officialsserving at the beginning of 1985, more than 92 percent were men.33The substantial increase observed over these historical trends is,therefore, heartening. As many as 17 percent of the recent intake intothe Tier 1 business school, 37 percent in the Tier 1 engineeringcollege, and 21 percent of recent recruits into the IAS, are women,34with an even greater representation in Tier 3 institutions.32“Why are there so few women managers in India?” Reported on October 6, 2006at 33See the report titled “Social Background of Officers in the Indian AdministrativeService,” by Santosh Goyal. Accessed on May 3, 2013 at.22
Once again, multiple liabilities – womanandrural, womanandSC/ST, womanandpoor – raise the barrier cumulatively, making itvirtually impossible for individuals to move ahead. The last row ofTable 5 reports one such calculation for illustrative purposes. Beingfemale and poor (P1) drastically reduces an individual’s chances of

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 39 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
MarcSchlossberg
Tags
The American, Secondary school, India, Civil Services, Outliers The Story of Success,

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture