123 NSW Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Pig Breeding By Artificial

123 nsw department of agriculture and fisheries pig

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NSW Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Pig Breeding By Artificial Breeding Manual, Australia. South Australian Department of Agriculture, A Practical Guide To Pig Nutrition, Australia. Contacts ACT Animal Welfare Authority Transport Canberra and City Services Directorate GPO Box 158 CANBERRA ACT 2601 Phone: 13 22 81 Email: [email protected] NSW Agriculture local Council Local farm supplies trader Approved activities: pigs Please note: The categories of activities are explained in Table 2, on page 12, in Part A of these guidelines. The letters and numbers used in approved activities correspond to those detailed in Table 3, Description of Activities, on pages 11–16 of Part A of these guidelines. Category 4 and 5 activities may be undertaken by students only if prior written approval from the ACT SAEC has been obtained by applying on form D, on page 54, in Part A of these guidelines. Before demonstrating to students a category 5 activity, the teacher must have written certification from the ACT SAEC. A three- yearly certification should be requested by completing form E, on page 59, in Part A of these guidelines. a. Very low impact activity 1. Observation of the normal behaviour of animals (Category 1): Generally, pigs welcome attention and will be more than interested in their visitors. Students need to be aware that excessive noise is not desirable. Students can observe the normal pig behavioural patterns and compile a short list of actions observed over a designated period. Observations can be made in a small, modern piggery or on a free-range facility. b. Low impact activity 1. Capture, restraint and handling (Category 2): Different age groups require different handling methods. Capture should be done quickly and firmly. Piglets may be caught from behind and lifted by one or both hind legs. The use of a wall or corner is advisable when handling middle-weight range animals. Older pigs are too heavy and difficult to restrain without excessive force. Pig catchers may be used in order to capture and restrain older and larger pigs. These activities should be completed quietly and kindly. Long periods of restraint are not recommended and often lead to loud squealing. Comfortable restraint will 124
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extend the capture time. Continual training can lead to well- behaved animals that know exactly where to go at the right time. 2. Pigs may be moved by driving. Use pig boards and sheets of metal to create a path. c. Non-invasive measurement 1. Body weight (Category 2) 2. Body condition (Category 2) 3. Growth (Category 2) 4. Body proportions (Category 2) To assist the movement of stock, handling recommendations should be observed. Only animals that are accustomed to handling should be used. The physical measurement of body weight should take a short period of time so that stress levels are reduced.
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