People should not be told where to send their

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People should not be told where to send their children for daycare What is the role of the city in today’s Canada? o Toronto 6 th largest government in Canada o Absolutely no power constitutionally
o Employs 40,000 pubic workers o Need more power, resources, structure o Outdated constitutional means Stephen Harper’s Conservatives The CCRF Aware that the Charter is a compromise Parliamentary supremacy: legislatures and HOC were law makers and they could not be touched Canadian laws were slow to change Society was conservative Trudeau wanted to introduce a fundamental bill of rights CCRF can totally cut out what government can and cannot do S. 33 allows government to disregard certain elements of the Charter for certain period of time Protecting Rights and Freedoms Four bundles of Rights that essentially compose the CCRF o Political liberty- associate with whatever political party you want “within reason” o Legal rights- do what you want to do in Canada o Equality rights o Economic rights Implied Bill of Rights o It is implied that your government will protect you, not persecute you o Unspoken “Charter” Parliamentary Supremacy Majority rule is important o Difficult as there is a variety of right to take into account o The whiter the society, the less need to have an implied bill of rights o Diversity and ethnic differences need rules and laws to protect people as people can be taken advantage of o Padlock Law: diversity of society, used a law to persecute them by padlocking premises that were used by certain faiths (communists, Jewish) Can Parliament respond to the rights and changes within society Began to see society changing Differences to the US, socio-demographic Different stressors The Reasonable Limits Clause Charter and rights cannot be trampled on Governments have recourse Can say to the Supreme Court “we can do what we want” Sections within the Charter that can be limited, but must show certain reason and rationale Must be explicitly laid out and the court must be convinced Fundamental Freedoms*** Government cannot touch these freedoms
o Religion o Expression o Peaceful Assembly o Association Charter Rights** Democratic rights- who gets to vote and why o Vouching for an individual with no photo ID: takes an oath “I hereby swear that this person is… Should I lie the government may persecute me” o Outlawed^ o Was fundamental to the electoral system Mobility Rights o QE and BC is brilliant when it comes to these rights o Biggest feature of post secondary education: subsidized if you live there o If you do not reside in that province, you are charged more to attend school there when people who do live there are charged basically nothing o Goes against these rights Legal Rights Equality Rights Official Languages of Canada Minority Language Education Rights o Quebec crushed these rights o Right to receive education in English Charter Provisions S. 33 Notwithstanding Clause** o

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