a People may be born with a predisposition to learn fears of objects that have

A people may be born with a predisposition to learn

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cause more injuries and death in our society? a. People may be born with a predisposition to learn fears of objects that have been dangerous throughout our evolutionary history. We more readily fear objects with which we have few safe experiences. We more readily fear objects that we cannot predict or control. 11. How common are phobias in the population and at what age are they most prevalent? a. 11% have phobias at some point in their life. 5-6% have a phobia at any given time. b. Young ages 12. How can phobias be treated? a. Exposure therapy (systematic desensitization) works best 13.What is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)? What is the difference between an obsession and a compulsion? a.Obsession: repetitive, unwelcome stream of thought b.Compulsion:repetitive, almost irresistible action. c.People with OCD have an obsession and a compulsion. Obsessions lead to compulsions. Example:someone obsessed with dirt and disease develops compulsions of continual cleaning and washing. 14. How can OCD be treated? a. Sometimes they don’t need treatment but get better with time(years) b. Exposure therapy with Response prevention i. Person is prevented from performing the obsessive ritual. ii. Example: preventing someone from cleaning something. 15. What is the definition of an addiction? a. The in-ability to quit a self-destructive habit. 16. What is the difference between "liking" and "wanting," and to which is dominant in addictive behavior? a. You usually “like” the things you “want” but not always (example you want to eat health but you don’t like it/like spending money but don’t want to). Drug addicts get less pleasure from the drug(like) the more they use it, BUT they keep WANTING it. 17. What is the "relief from distress" explanation of addiction? a. You learn a drug helps give you relief from a certain thing(ex. pain). So you start using it to get relief from other things that give you stress(ex. Seeing something sad) 18. In what way does addiction "hijack" the brain? a. The drugs go to brain and release DOPAMINE. Stimulates synaptic changes. This makes them crave it more than other things. Eventually the only way to motivate them is with that drug 19. What has been found about the influence of genetics on alcoholism? a. Genetics influence alcoholism strongly. A genetic predisposition contributes to early-onset alcoholism. Develops by age 25.Genetics don’t really play a role in LATE-ONSET alcoholism
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