Aerodrome or airport is defined as a defined area on

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Aerodrome or airport is defined as a defined area on land or water (including any buildings, installations and equipment) intended to be used either wholly or in part for the arrival, departure and surface movement of aircraft. Airport – An Overview Airport is a wide term, used in a broad manner. Normally, what a passenger feels that the airport consists of only the terminal building where he purchases his air ticket, boards and disembarks the plane. In fact the terminal building is just one part of the airport, and in totality it includes a lot many other features, some of them extremely important, such as runways, taxiways, apron, air traffic control, apron (With Parking Stands), Hangar, Radio Navigational aids, Communication facilities, etc. Normally the airport is divided into two basic parts, 'city side' and 'air side'. 'City side' is what a travelling passenger is well familiar with and includes airport terminal building, ticket counters, airline and other offices, waiting halls, security lounges, customs, immigration, outside car park, cargo building, outside roads, etc. The 'air side' consists of the areas of the airport used mainly for aircraft operation purposes like runways, taxiways, apron, radio navigational aids, landing aids etc. Activity Draw on a chart paper a typical airport plan showing air side and city side areas. (c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Aviation Safety & Security Management Figure 1.1: Airport Layout In addition, Airport support elements include air traffic control tower, Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) facilities, airport administration facilities, fuel storage, city maintenance facilities, medical centre, catering and utility systems, etc. Airside Areas To start with we can discuss these items one by one in brief. Runways Runway (RWY) is a defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome used for landing and takeoff of aircraft. Runways on an established aerodrome may be a man-made surface (often asphalt, concrete, or a mixture of both), and for small aerodromes it could also be a natural surface (grass, dirt, or gravel). Orientation and Dimensions of Runways The runways are named according to their Magnetic Bearings (the direction it is "pointing towards") with reference to North rounded to nearest 100. The runway number is the whole number nearest one-tenth the magnetic azimuth of the centre line of the runway, measured clockwise from the magnetic north. As two 'ends of the runway' point out in two different directions (Each separated by 1800), thus each runway has two names separated by 1800. For (c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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UNIT 1: Airport Surface Operations Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ example the Runways at Delhi (IGI Airport) are 11/29, 10/28 & 09/27 and Runways at Mumbai are 09/27 & 14/32. Figure 1.2: View of a Runway Each digit of runway name is pronounced separately for clarity in radio communications. Thus, Runway Three Six would be aligned in roughly a 360 degrees direction (i.e. magnetic north), Runway Nine would be used for a runway with a 94 degree-alignment (i.e.
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  • Fall '19
  • Instrument approach, Runway, Rajiv, Aviation Safety & Security Management

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