John cabot stumbled across the land of what is now

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Portuguese) promised Henry VII he could find a route to China by sailing west. John Cabot stumbled across the land of what is now Newfoundland (Cabot wasn’t very original.) He managed to raise capital for a new voyage. This time he returned with a fleet with and several hundred men. They all vanished. Fish was a major import from Newfoundland. - Henry VIII was uninterested in exploration or colonization. Most explores were private during his time. - Under Elizabeth the interest in exploration spread. People thought England should expand. - Martin Frobisher (1535-1594) followed Cabot’s example and set out to find the North West passage to Asia. He actually set foot in North America and brought an illustrator and documented what they saw. They encountered natives.
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- Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596) led the first successful English voyage that circumnavigated the globe. He damaged England’s relationships with Sapin by attacking and pirating Spanish vessels. He returned to England w/900,000 pounds worth of loot. - This brought profit to England and Elizabeth knighted Drake. This set a new model of exploration which included plundering and pirating Spanish ships. - Also the English wanted to establish forts/bases in the New World to ease the access of attacking Spanish vessels. - This led to the want for productive and valuable colonies. In the mid 1580s Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618) was the first to try to establish a colony. But it fails. He launches his voyage right when the Spanish Armada was about to invade.
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