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Superior cannot be criminally prosecuted for a subordinates wrongful act unless the superior expressly authorized it○Any criminal responsibility lies on the shoulders of the subordinateEmployment law●Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: prohibits discrimination against race, color, religion, sex, natural origin●Sexual harassment○Quid pro quo harassment: something for something○Hostile environment sexual harassment○Title VII does not prohibit discrimination based on homosexualityRedd Vs. N.Y. State Div. of parole●Redd complains that washington touched her breasts (washington- lady)Ricci V. Destafano●Fire department: rank- exam showed that white candidates out-performed minority candidates●Age discrimination in employment act prohibits discrimination based on anyone over 40Olson v. northern FS inc●Olson got fired even tho he had more than 40 years of experience and awards and replaced him with a 22 year old with no experienceUnit 10- Ethics-Most important factor in determining level of economic of development is the level of trust in a society (has been proving empirically)-Studies show that ethical people are happier people -Reputational multiplier—employees don’t want to work from them anymore, suppliers don’t want to sell to them, consumers don’t want to buy, communities don’t want them aroundoReputational hit is usually greater than the maximum fine the government can impose oWhen company is indicted for a crime, it may well mean that the company will cease to exist-White collar criminals tend to go to jail for things that are obviously wrong—insider trading, paying bribes, violation of Foreign Corrupt Prices Act, securities fraud, etc.-Sarbanes-Oxley—one of the strict laws that gives punishments for insider trading and other business-related crimes-Approaches for resolving ethical dilemmao1. Utilitarian approach—consequential approach that judges choices by which one will give us the best possible outcome; happiest approach for the most people▪John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Benthamo2. Deontological Approach—rule-based approach; 10 Commandments, Kant (never use
people as means to an end)o^when you apply these two approaches, they both generally give you the same result—both say that one of these choices is the best one▪But sometimes they may lead to opposite results o3. Virtue ethics—focus on being a good person; comes from Aristotle and other Greeks—being reliable, sincere, genuine, honest. If you’re the kind of person you should be, there’s a good chance that when you run into an ethical issue you will handle it properly-Moral reasoningo