Wanted to arm slaves start a slave rebellion john

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Wanted to arm slaves, start a slave rebellionJohn Brown captured, later tried and hungMany in North “sainted” John BrownSoutherners decried Brown and his actionsFor many it showed North would not quit until slavery was goneElection of 1860oRepublicans: Abraham LincolnLimit slavery to where it existsoConstitutional Union: John BellThe Union as it is, the Constitution as it isWanted compromises to save the UnionoNorthern Democrats: Stephan DouglasCongressional non-interference with slaveryoSouthern Democrats: John BreckinridgeWanted Constitutional protection for slaveryoLast national party had collapsedoDemocrats split up into North and SouthoDouglas traveled all over the country to get support for the UnionoDecember 20, 1860Lincoln was elected
South afraid Lincoln would abolish slaverySouth Carolina hold convention and votes to leave the UnionDeep South states followed:Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and FloridaBy Lincoln’s inauguration seven states had left the UnionUpper South remained:Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina, VirginiaSouthern states had seized federal arsenals and fortsPresident Buchanan did nothing to ease the tensionLincoln has to deal with it when in officeoFort Sumter, South CarolinaNeeds to be resuppliedSC will not let US do itSC/Confederacy attacks it on 12 April 1861Fort surrenders, Civil War has begunCIVIL WARFort Sumter, SC, 1861South formed a nation: Confederate States of America (CSA)oElected president and congress, wrote constitutionAfter Ft. Sumter, Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers to the armyoCalls for a blockade of Southern portsLincoln’s actions cause the Upper South to secede:oVirginia, North Carolina, Arkansas, TennesseeSome slave states stay in the Union:
oMissouri, Kentucky, Maryland, DelawareAdvantages/Disadvantages:oLand Area:North: 23 states (including border states)South: 11 states (included MO and KY)oPopulation:North: 22 millionSouth: 9 million (3.5 million slaves)Union held a 4:1 advantage in human resourcesoIndustry:North: 92.6% of nation’s manufactured goodsSouth: 7.2%North: most of nation’s financial resources, 96% of railroad equipment, 97% of firearm productionMost of trained mechanicsMost shipping and mercantile industriesoAgricultural Production:North: 100% more corn production300% more wheat100% more horsesoNorthern economy grew during waroSouthern economy shrank
oTransportation:North: more wagons, horses, mules, shipsAbout 20,000 miles of railroadsSouth: about 10,000 miles of railroadsoLeadership:North: Abraham LincolnStrong, well-organized, support of party, political unity, good politicianSouth: Jefferson DavisPresided over individual states rather than country, average politicianNorth must make South submitoNorthern goal: preserve the UnionSouth must make North get tired of fightingoSouth has defensive policyNorth must invadeWinfield ScottoAnaconda Plan

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