Nations core responsibilities for the maintenance of international peace and

Nations core responsibilities for the maintenance of

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Nations' core responsibilities for the maintenance of international peace and security, for the advancement of human rights and for sustainable human development." Thus the UN has a bigger role to play in the protection of children. Since the World Summit for Children, in 1990, the United Nations has therefore increasingly sought to draw international attention to the horrific plight of children affected by armed conflict. The UN Security Council – in UNSC Res. 1612 of 2005 established a Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict and a Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) to systematically monitor, document and report on heinous abuses of the rights of children in situations of armed conflict. Subsequent Security Council resolution, UNSC Res. 1882 of 2009, has further expanded and strengthened the MRM xiii . This in 6
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addition to other legal frameworks such as The 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child , and an Optional Protocol adopted by the General Assembly on 25 May 2000 to strengthen the Convention, and many other legal bodies like the ILO , the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the 1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, and Child protection agenda by Regional organizations, all prohibits the forced or compulsory recruitment of children under 18 for use in armed conflict xiv . During her visit to the Congo in March 2007, where she met the Prime minister, senior ministers and many of the commanders in the eastern province, Machel urged the authorities to take timely and decisive action against violators of children’s rights; to take effective action to fight impunity of armed groups, such as those led by Laurent Nkunda and the ‘ Forces democratiques de liberation du Rwanda’ , and to take steps in consultation with the United Nations to fight impunity. She equally, called relevant parties to continue to implement the recommendations provided by Machel on the situation of children and armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the subsequent conclusions and recommendations of the Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict xv . Some significant developments were seen in the fight against impunity as a result of increased collaboration between the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the International Criminal Court and greater willingness on the part of the military justice sector to take action against perpetrators, an initiative which sends a stronger message regarding impunity. However, a more systematic approach in bringing to justice suspected perpetrators of serious human rights violations remains a great challenge for the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The independence of judicial institutions from political institutions remains a concern, as political power continues to influence judicial actors xvi . In general, there has been an improvement in the cooperation and willingness of military authorities to address issues related to children associated with armed forces and groups. For example, on 29 October
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  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire
  • United Nations , Democratic Republic of the Congo

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