Many popular instruments parallel self rating and

Info icon This preview shows page 3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Many popular instruments parallel self-rating and informant-rating versions Relatively easy to convert a self-report measure for informant ratings Valuable when self-reports are impossible to collect or when validity is questioned There are multiple advantages to informant ratings (1) Informants are not subject to bias seen in self-reports (2) Good level of validity related to important life outcomes There are a few limitations to informant ratings (1) Amount of relevant info that is available – lack access to thoughts & feelings (2) Subject to the reference group effect (3) Some studies have individuals choose their informants o Informants may produce favorable personality ratings if they like the person o Tendency to give unrealistic positive ratings is letter of recommendation effect There are at least 2 important dimensions on which personality tests differ o (1) Extent that instrument seeks to assess personality in comprehensive manner o (2) Personality characteristics can be classified at different levels of breadth or generality Some approaches are based on belief that important thoughts and feelings operate outside conscious awareness o Projective hypothesis – if a person is asked to describe or interpret ambiguous stimuli, their responses will be influenced by nonconscious needs, feelings, and experiences o Projective tests are cumbersome and labor intensive to administer Biggest challenge for projective tests – find a reliable and valid scheme to score generated responses Implicit tests – based on assumption that people form implicit or automatic associations btwn concepts based on their previous experience and behavior Behavioral measures – only approach that assesses what people DO rather than what people think or feel
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern