Questions and Answers 3 Comparative International management is a field of

Questions and answers 3 comparative international

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Questions and Answers 3 Comparative International management is a field of management that deals with the dissimilarities in management and organizations across nations. Two theories explain this phenomenon. These are universalistic and particularistic theories. Universalistic theories assume that the organization and its management are subject to the same law that is universal all over the world. They in most cases depend on the significant characteristics that define human behavior worldwide. Also, these theories tend to predict that cross-national management will become extinct due to the rising importance of globalization (Sorge et al, 2015). Particularistic theories, on the other hand, imply that organizations and their management from different nations contrast fundamentally and every country has her explanations for management. Moreover, particularistic theories predict that cross-national theories will not disappear in the face of globalization (Sorge et al, 2015). The institutional approach is more convincing when one is trying to explain cross- national comparisons. The reason for this is that, unlike the culture-based approach, institution- based approach challenges the universalistic theory and strongly disagrees with the fact that the universalistic theory generalizes the outcomes of empirical research basing their arguments on the population of an organization restricted to a single society (Sorge et al, 2015). Further, the institutional approach also focusses on the broader standards that are enforced by the machinery of the institution as opposed to the cultural approach that argues that the differences and similarities reside in the mind of an individual.
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Questions and Answers 4 References Hyman, R., 2009. How can we Study Industrial Relations Comparatively?. In: G. T. W. P. M. C. David Collins, ed. The Routledge Companion to International Human Resource Management. Cardiff: Routledge, pp. 3-23. Sorge A., Nooderhaven. N. Carla. K., 2015. Comparative International Management. Second ed. London: Abingdon: Routledge.
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