Frequent episodes of binge eating Consume huge amounts of food feel they cannot

Frequent episodes of binge eating consume huge

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Frequent episodes of binge eating Consume huge amounts of food + feel they cannot control these binges Do not compensate for the binges by using inappropriate weight loss methods (vomiting or laxative) Typically overweight Mostly female but a lot of males as well Less skewed toward females than anorexia + bulimia Likely to exp depression + low self esteem, similar to those w/ anorexia nervosa + bulimia nervosa Guilt + anxiety of all 4 groups might be reduced if women were encouraged to accept their bodies Treating Psychological Disorders in Women - Anxiety disorders : conditions in which a person’s anxiety is intense + persistent - Panic disorder: type of anxiety disorder where person exp recurrent episodes of dread or fear, w/o any warning - Women 2-3x more likely to exp panic disorder than men - Psychotherapy is a process in which a therapist aims to treat psychological probs and reduce distress, most often through verbal interactions - Pharmacotherapy uses medication to treat psychological disorders o Psychotherapy and Sexism - Ppl treat women + men diff - Therapists often treat women in biased manner during psychotherapy - Gender and Misdiagnosis May over diagnose depression in women Under diagnose depression in men Therapists rely too much on DSM Many guidelines in DSM have no been scientifically tested - The Treatment of Women in Therapy Gender bias leads to misdiagnosis and to inappropriate treatment in therapy Therapists may view men as more competent in work settings Therapist may also evaluate clients in terms of how well their behaviour fits female and male gender steretypes Therapists often ignore poverty, discrimination + other cultural probs that contribute to depression in women
Chapter 12: Women and Psychological Disorders Therapists may blame women for events beyond their control (Ex. sexually abused women) May ask her what she did to encourage the attack Same stereotypes + discriminatory behaviour that operates through our culture may also influence therapists - Sexual Relationships Between Therapists and Clients Sexual misconduct is the most unethical form of gender bias and abuse Need to emphasize that most psychotherapists are ethical ppl who firmly believe that sexual relationships with clients are forbidden Women who has been sexually exploited by a therapist is likely to feel guilty, angry + emotionally fragile Increased risk for suicide Create several probs Relationships emphasize the therapist’s own interest, rather than the best interest of the client Demonstrate a violation of trust Are almost damaging b/c they represent situations in which a person w/ power takes advantage of someone who is relatively powerless + vulnerable o Psychotherapy with Lesbian and Bisexual Women - Ethical principles specify that psychologists must attempt to eliminate their own tendencies towards sexual prejudice negative attitude toward individuals b/c of their sexual orientation -

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