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Frequent episodes of binge eatingConsume huge amounts of food + feel they cannot control these bingesDo not compensate for the binges by using inappropriate weight loss methods (vomiting or laxative)Typically overweightMostly female but a lot of males as wellLess skewed toward females than anorexia + bulimiaLikely to exp depression + low self esteem, similar to those w/ anorexia nervosa + bulimia nervosaGuilt + anxiety of all 4 groups might be reduced if women were encouraged to accept their bodiesTreating Psychological Disorders in Women-Anxiety disorders: conditions in which a person’s anxiety is intense + persistent-Panic disorder:type of anxiety disorder where person exp recurrent episodes of dread or fear, w/o any warning-Women 2-3x more likely to exp panic disorder than men-Psychotherapyis a process in which a therapist aims to treat psychological probs and reduce distress, most often through verbal interactions-Pharmacotherapyuses medication to treat psychological disordersoPsychotherapy and Sexism-Ppl treat women + men diff-Therapists often treat women in biased manner during psychotherapy-Gender and MisdiagnosisMay over diagnose depression in womenUnder diagnose depression in menTherapists rely too much on DSMMany guidelines in DSM have no been scientifically tested-The Treatment of Women in TherapyGender bias leads to misdiagnosis and to inappropriate treatment in therapyTherapists may view men as more competent in work settingsTherapist may also evaluate clients in terms of how well their behaviour fits female and male gender steretypesTherapists often ignore poverty, discrimination + other cultural probsthat contribute to depression in women
Chapter 12: Women and Psychological DisordersTherapists may blame women for events beyond their control (Ex. sexually abused women)May ask her what she did to encourage the attackSame stereotypes + discriminatory behaviour that operates through our culture may also influence therapists-Sexual Relationships Between Therapists and ClientsSexual misconduct is the most unethical form of gender bias and abuseNeed to emphasize that most psychotherapists are ethical ppl who firmly believe that sexual relationships with clients are forbiddenWomen who has been sexually exploited by a therapist is likely to feel guilty, angry + emotionally fragileIncreased risk for suicideCreate several probsRelationships emphasize the therapist’s own interest, rather than the best interest of the clientDemonstrate a violation of trustAre almost damaging b/c they represent situations in which a person w/ power takes advantage of someone who is relatively powerless + vulnerableoPsychotherapy with Lesbian and Bisexual Women-Ethical principles specify that psychologists must attempt to eliminate their own tendencies towards sexual prejudice negative attitude toward individuals b/c of their sexual orientation-