Traditional MS tools include NS2and recently NS3 OPNET Modeler and NetSim

Traditional ms tools include ns2and recently ns3

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important paradigm for use in ad hoc networks. Traditional M&S tools include NS2,(and recently NS3), OPNET Modeler, and NetSim. However, these tools focus primarily on the simulation of the entire protocol stack of the system. Although this can be important in the proof-of-concept implementations of systems, the need for a more advanced simulation methodology is always there. Agent-based modeling and simulation offers such a paradigm. Not to be confused with multi-agent systems and intelligent agents, agent-based modeling [5] originated from social sciences, where the goal was to evaluate and view large-scale systems with numerous interacting "AGENT" or components in a wide variety of random situations to observe global phenomena. Unlike traditional AI systems with Intelligent agents, agent-based modeling is similar to the real world. Agent-based models are thus effective in modeling bio-inspired and nature-inspired systems. In these systems, the basic interactions of the components the system, also called Complex Adaptive System, are simple but result in advanced global phenomena such as emergence. References [1] Chai Keong Toh, Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks, Prentice Hall Publishers (http:/ / www. informit. com/ store/ product. aspx?isbn=0130078174), 2002. [2] P. Gupta and P.R. Kumar. Capacity of wireless networks (http:/ / ieeexplore. ieee. org/ Xplore/ login. jsp?url=/ iel5/ 18/ 17872/ 00825799. pdf). IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Volume 46, Issue 2, March 2000, [3] Jinyang Li, Charles Blake, Douglas S. J. De Couto, Hu Imm Lee, and Robert Morris, Capacity of Ad Hoc Wireless Networks (http:/ / pdos. csail. mit. edu/ papers/ grid:mobicom01/ paper. pdf), in the proceedings of the 7th ACM International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, Rome, Italy, July 2001 [4] Wu S.L., Tseng Y.C., "Wireless Ad Hoc Networking, Auerbach Publications", 2007 ISBN 978-0-8493-9254-2 [5] Muaz Niazi, Amir Hussain, Agent based Tools for Modeling and Simulation of Self-Organization in Peer-to-Peer, Ad Hoc and other Complex Networks, Feature Issue, IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol.47 No.3, March 2009, pp 163 173. Paper (http:/ / cs. stir. ac. uk/ ~man/ papers/ niaziCommmag. pdf)
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Comparison of wireless data standards 29 Comparison of wireless data standards A wide variety of different wireless data technologies exist, some in direct competition with one another, others designed for specific applications. Wireless technologies can be evaluated by a variety of different metrics of which some are described in this entry. Standards can be grouped as follows in increasing range order: Personal Area Network (PAN) systems are intended for short range communication between devices typically controlled by a single person. Some examples include wireless headsets for mobile phones or wireless heart rate sensors communicating with a wrist watch. Some of these technologies include standards such as ANT UWB, Bluetooth, ZigBee, and Wireless USB For wider area communications, Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is used. WLANs are often known by their commercial product name Wi-Fi. These systems are used to provide wireless access to other systems on the local network such as other computers, shared printers, and other such devices or even the internet. Typically a WLAN
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