DSST Criminal Justice

New york first police force in 1845 98 pennsylvania

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97. New York first police force in 1845 98. Pennsylvania State Constabulary – founded in 1905 - first professional statewide police force whose superintendent had extensive administrative powers only reported to the Governor a. Modeled by many states b. Most had a formal state department by 1925 99. Federal Law Enforcement Agencies – enforce specific federal statues a. Located in the executive branch of the U.S. Government and operate with the jurisdiction limited by congressional authority b. Highly specialized with distinctive resources and training 100. Federal Bureau of Investigation – FBI – chief investigative body of In the Justice department a. Include Drug Enforcement Agency, IRS, Coast Guard, and National Parks Service b. Originally State Police and Bureau of Investigation c. FBI established by Theodore Roosevelt d. First federal law enforcement agency in the US 101. Highway Patrol Model – law enforcement employed by several state agencies, which focus on traffic laws and highways 102. Pinkerton Agency – coined the term (“Private Eye”) - first private security agency founded in 1851 a. Thwarted an attempt to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln
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b. Ridded the Old West of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 103. Private Sector Policing – typical used to police private property and investigate insurance fraud and runaways… know that these are increasing in numbers and what they are used for a. Outnumbers conventional law enforcement b. Controversial as they often hire ex-convicts c. Tend to have underdeveloped training 104. Vigilante Justice – term used for extralegal activities by individuals or groups who take the law into their own hands for the sake of “ law and order” a. Disorderly Lynch mobs – commonly come to mind b. South Carolina Moderators – highly structured 18th century group c. East Texas Regulators – 19 th century 105. Peacekeeping and Maintaining Order – just as important if not more important than crime fighting a. “social” disturbances, drunkenness, group of teenagers in from of house, individuals call the police to maintain a social boundary, to defuse a nasty situation b. 80% of situations require no formal action, police exercise discretion to handle the situation 106. Kansas City Preventative Patrol Experiment – took place from 1972-1973 – revealed that increased patrol did not reduce crime and citizens did not realize patrol was reduced a. Experiment included a.i. normal, proactive, and reactive patrols with no significant difference… know the differences of these a.i.1. Reactive response to call for service 107. Community policing initiative - extends the function of policing beyond crime control to include fear of crime, order maintenance, dispute resolution, tackling social disorder, in partnership with the community in a collaborative effort… several questions on community policing a. 3 main aims of community reform Community partnerships – a.i. require consultation between police and public, and community cooperation as a means of preventing
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New York first police force in 1845 98 Pennsylvania State...

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