Preadjudication hearing a hearing to determine

Info icon This preview shows pages 8–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Preadjudication Hearing – a hearing to determine whether a juvenile offender should be detained in juvenile court or transferred to criminal court and prosecuted as an adult 90. Bow Street Runners in 1748 – credited to Henry Fielding – who gathered a group of constables together to catch thieves a. First organized force used against criminals in England 91. Sir Robert Peel – father of modern policing – petitioned British Parliament to form the”London Metropolitan Police Force”… know this a. Metropolitan Police Act passed in 1829 created 1000 constables, dubbed “new police” became model for other police forces 92. Sir Robert Peel’s belief– a. CRIME PREVENTION- that it was better to prevent crime than to act after it had occurred a.i. Fixed Beats – the regular police patrol of areas to PREVENT crime b. Created organizational Hierarchy within the police c. Copied military concepts because Peel believed the police need structure (military had structure) c.i. Ranking system c.ii. Uniforms c.iii. Authoritarian command and disciple 93. Texas Rangers – Stephen F Austin – 1823 – first territorial police agency formed to protect against the Indian tribes a. By 1870 an effective police enforcement agency – 1 st official state police force 94. Sheriff (early colonial days)– appointed by governor, responsibilities included managing the jail, finding offenders and serving as coroner… know this 95. Constable - duties included announcing marriages, sealing weights and measures, executing warrants and surveying land 96. Juvenile Court Act of 1899- passed in Illinois – established the first juvenile court… know this a. the doctrine Parens Patriae – Latin for “The State as Parent” - the state has a duty to care for children who are neglected or delinquent and assume role of parent if necessary 97. New York first police force in 1845 98. Pennsylvania State Constabulary – founded in 1905 - first professional statewide police force whose superintendent had extensive administrative powers only reported to the Governor a. Modeled by many states b. Most had a formal state department by 1925 99. Federal Law Enforcement Agencies – enforce specific federal statues a. Located in the executive branch of the U.S. Government and operate with the jurisdiction limited by congressional authority b. Highly specialized with distinctive resources and training 100. Federal Bureau of Investigation – FBI – chief investigative body of In the Justice department a. Include Drug Enforcement Agency, IRS, Coast Guard, and National Parks Service b. Originally State Police and Bureau of Investigation c. FBI established by Theodore Roosevelt d. First federal law enforcement agency in the US 101. Highway Patrol Model – law enforcement employed by several state agencies, which focus on traffic laws and highways 102.
Image of page 8

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern