Other immigrants besides the English contributed to the original English language that British settlers brought; Also because of dialect 6. Why is it that nearly 90% of Spanish & Portuguese speakers live outside of Europe? The two languages were diffused to the Americas by explorers. 7. Why is it difficult to distinguish individual languages from dialects? because many speakers choose to regard their language as distinct 8. Define creolized language : A language that results from the mixing of the colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated. Key Issue 4: Why do People Preserve Local Languages? Pages 164-177 1. Prepare detailed notes with bullets and notations on the maps regarding the following case studies: 2. Belgium : Political & linguistic divides (Figure 5-27) Switzerland : Peace in a multi-lingual state (Figure 5-29) Nigeria : Problems in a multi-lingual state (Figure 5-30) Notes: north (flemings): flemish - Dutch dialect -south (Walloons): French -Belgium is split into 2 languages -Many want 2 countries -Flemings would be one of England's richest countries, which Walloons would be one of the poorest.
The Cultural Landscape by Rubenstein Chapter 5: Languages Notes: has four official languages -lives peacefully with 4 -Decentralized government where local authorities hold most power
The Cultural Landscape by Rubenstein Chapter 5: Languages 3. Complete the chart below by taking notes on the various languages/countries & the issues they are facing. Basque – -isolated language in Europe -only European language that survived from before the period of indo european Notes: -capital, Abuja, none of the three principal languages dominate. -527 languages -Africa's most populous country -No national unity -Different regions battle
The Cultural Landscape by Rubenstein Chapter 5: Languages speakers -no attempt to link Basque to common origin of other European languages has been successful -First language of 666,000 in pyrenees mountains of northern Spain &southwestern france Icelandic – -related to other North Germanic languages -changed less than any language in the germanic branch -norwegian immigrants had little contact with others when they left iceland -isolation Native American – -only 92/500 original languages exist in the eastern amazon regions of peru -14 of face extinction because only about 100 speakers remain.
The Cultural Landscape by Rubenstein Chapter 5: Languages Hebrew – -hebrew diminished in use of 4th century & was only retained for Jewish religious services -when Israel was established in 1948, the 2 official languages were Hebrew and Arabic -4,000 new Hebrew words -now there's a Modern Hebrew dictionary Celtic- (Welsh, Irish, Breton, Scottish, Cornish) -was dominant until 18th century -22% -Declined in 19th century -1/2 official languages of ireland -spoken by 350,000 DAILY, spoken by 1.5 million -spoken in brittany (isolated peninsula in Atlantic ocean) -spoken by 250,000 regularly -spoken by 59,000 people (1%) -carried from Ireland to Scotland about 1,500 years ago -became extinct in 1777 after death of final speaker -attempts to revive -english historian wrote down her speech to preserve
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- Indo-European languages, Germanic languages, Slavic languages