The belief that one racial category is innately

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THE BELIEF THAT ONE RACIAL CATEGORY IS INNATELY SUPERIOR OR INFERIOR TO ANOTHER INDIVIDUAL RACISM (not hiring someone, not renting) INSTITUTIONALIZED RACISM (racial profiling, housing laws, lack of media representation, unequal employment)
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The Vicious Cycle of Prejudice and Discrimination PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION BEGIN AS ETHNOCENTRIC ATTITUDES AS A RESULT, GROUPS CAN BE PLACED IN A SITUATION WHERE THEY ARE SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED AND LABELED A GROUP’S SITUATION, OVER TIME, IS THUS EXPLAINED AS A RESULT OF INNATE INFERIORITY RATHER THAN LOOKING AT THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF REASONS; THE CYCLE THEN REPEATS ITSELF Relationship Patterns (Racism) PLURALISM DISTINCT GROUPS WITH PARITY SEGREGATION PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL DISTANCE DE JURE (in law) DE FACTO (in fact) GENOCIDE ONE GROUP “KILLS OFF” ANOTHER GROUP Improving Things TWO KEY AREAS: ENHANCE THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
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INCREASE MEANINGFUL SOCIAL CONTACT EDUCATION MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION LEARN TO APPRECIATE DIVERSITY MEANINGFUL CONTACT DESIRE TO CHANGE HONEST, SELF-CRITIQUE OF LIFESTYLE PLAN FOR INCREASING SOCIAL CONTACT SECTION 3: SEX & GENDER, PATRIARCHY & FEMINISM, SEXUAL ORIENTATION, AND SEX SEX & GENDER Sex = biological differences between males and females. Gender = the attitudes, beliefs, and behaviours we associate with masculinity and femininity. Transgender Transgender is an “Umbrella Term” Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that does not conform to their birth assigned sex Transgender includes (but not limited to): people who’s identity is opposite of their birth assigned sex people who are not exclusively masculine or feminine (gender queer / non-binary, gender-fluid) Not everyone who is Transgender seeks to medically alter their bodies, but this doesn’t make their identities any less valid! The DSM-5 stipulates that incongruence is given a diagnosis of “Gender Dysphoria”. Problematic because it labels people with a supposedly “treatable” problem. But on the other hand, if there isn’t a diagnosis, transgender people cannot often receive medical care. Non-conformity itself is NOT a mental disorder Transgender is independent of sexual orientation The Social Construction of Gender Gender roles: expectations regarding proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males and females Evident in work and in how we react to others Most people do not display strictly “masculine” or “feminine” qualities all the time Is Gender Social or Biological? Margaret Mead studied gender in three New Guinea societies:
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Among the Arapesh, both sexes would be described by U.S. citizens as feminine. Among the Mundugumor, both sexes would be described by U.S. citizens as masculine.
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