39. Sociologists use the term gender socializationfor the specific messages and practices that teach what it means to be female or male in a specific group or society.41. The cases of Anna and Genie are presented in the text in order to illustrate
the point that socialization is essential for normal human development42. According to sociologist George Herbert Mead, in the __________ stage of
self-development, interactions lack meaning, and children largely imitate thepeople around them.
a. Playb. Assimilationc.Preparatoryd. Game43. According to Freud, "It's wrong to steal" is an expression of the superego44. Preconventional: obedience45. Conventional: seen by peers and conform to rules46. Post-conventional: indv. rules, justice based47. Conflicttheorists assert that students have different experiences in the school system depending on their social class, their racial—ethnic background, the neighborhood in which they live, and their sex/gender.48. The process by which individuals' feelings, thoughts, appearance, and behavior have a direct influence on agents of socialization that are attempting to influence them is called 49. A(n) total institutionsis a place where people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time and come under the control of the officials who run the institutions.50. Which of these is not an example of a rite of passage?51. Which of these statements about racial socialization is false?52. Sociologist George Herbert Mead coined the term
significantothers for those persons whose care, affection, and approval are especially desired and who are most important in the development of the self.53. According to Piaget, in the sensorimotorstage, children are unable to engage in symbolic thought or use language.
54. The research of sociologist William Corsaro suggests that the peer groupis the most significant arena in which children and young people acquire cultural knowledge.55. Which of the stages in the theory of psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg is not reached by most adults?a. Subconventionalb. Conventionalc. Preconventionald.Postconventional56. The first step in the resocialization process is often a degradation ceremony, in which individuals are stripped of their former selves by being denied privacy and being assigned institutional clothing.57. Selfis the term for the sum total of perceptions and feelings that an individual has of being a distinct and unique person (a sense of who and what one is).