They wanted minerals such as gold coal diamonds

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Natural resources. They wanted minerals such as gold, coal, diamonds. Because of the industrial revolution They gained consumers for their products. Ex Britains introducing tea in Africa, rice, bread. Eldorado-untapped wealth in Africa To gain knowledge of the continent Political reasons To show other countries that they are strong To gain land To stop the slave trade ● Reasons why Manelik II defeated Italy Manelik is the king of shoa in Ethiopia He traded with the Arabs and got guns and cannons, he modernized his army He had 82,000 rifles and 28 guns He seeks diplomacy at first through the treaty of Wuchali, he sees the other nations are being conquered Italians lied saying that they are the protector of Ethiopia Manelik refuses, Italy invades Adoa Manelik builds his army for three years. Then denounced the treaty His: 100,000 men vs Italy 17000 men He won and gained international fame, Topography knew the land rift valley Unified under ● Samori tori and his resistance He used Islam to unify his people Samori touri of the Mandinka He got modern weapons from trade with leone Gun factories that repaired broken guns and copied the European guns He fought the french over gold He a treaty is known as Bissandugu to buy time to get weapons and try to collaborate with other Africans He used scorched earth policy, you burn everything and retreat. This slowed the french
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The French fought him for over ten years, real reason gold. He eventually died in 1900 He lost due to lack of modern weapons such as cannons
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