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7.(p. 12)Modern efforts at education reform can be traced back to the A. early 1900s and the rise of thenormal school.B. 1950s and the founding of state teachers' colleges.C.1980s and the reports by The Holmes Group and the Carnegie Foundation. D. 2000s and the implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act.8.(p. 12)When Amanda decided to be a teacher in college, she found that her school had discontinued its undergraduate teaching major. In its place, Amanda did a fifth-year program that combined both bachelor and master's level requirements. Interestingly, when Amanda went for her NBPTS certification as a teacher, the principles reflected in the NBPTS requirements reflected those she encountered in her teacher preparation in college. Amanda's teacher preparation most closely reflected the ideas contained in A. .
9.(p. 12)To demonstrate their expertise, teachers undergoing NBPTS certification must A. document 10.(p. 13)Elaine has been a fifth grade teacher since 1998. During this time she has become an adept observer of her students and how they learn. Elaine takes her experiences with her students and combines them with the theory she has learned to craft instruction that promotes curiosity, tolerance, honesty, respect for diversity, and appreciation for all cultures. Finally, Elaine makes a point of modeling these virtues for her students so that they master these ideas even more effectively. Elaine's actions most closely reflect which of the NBPTS's core propositions? 11.(p. 13)Paula is a high school music teacher who is known for her involvement and commitment to her students and to her school. She is constantly working with other teachers and administrators so that they can have the best instruction, curriculum, and staff development possible. She also reaches out through her music program to involve parents and the community to make sure that these groups are engaged with the school and feel like they have stake in what is going on there. Paula's actions most closely reflect which of the NBPTS's core propositions? A. Teachers think systematically about their practice and learn from experience.B.Teachers are members of learning communities. C. Teachers are committed to students and their learning.D. Teachers are responsible for managing and monitoring student learning.