Being on the scene shortly there after is enough

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on other side of tram, not right that driver should have foreseen injury to her.  Being on the scene shortly there after is enough – extends to hospital (NB though in this case it was a wife (strong pre-existing relationship) who saw her husband injured in hospital and developed a psychiatric injury. ( Jaensch v Coffey) Pre-existing The closer the relationship, the less the requirement for direct perception makes sense.  o  The most important factor affecting mental harm is a close, constructive and loving relationship with that person (a ‘close relative’) and that it is  largely immaterial whether the close relative is at the scene of the accident or how he or she learns of it . … (refers to medical evidence)  (Jaensch v Coffey )] Wrongdoers should always Neighbours of the victim in contemplation – includes all who have a close and loving relationship regardless of legal status, might even include close friends (will be matter of evidence) – here included 3 kids but not wife from whom the victim was separated ( Gifford ) Brown v Mount Barker Soldiers Hospital   – mother suffered shock at hearing her baby in same hospital had been burned, court got around it (NB: 1934, superseded by Tame )   by   saying   duty   owed   because   hospital   and   mother   had   a   pre-existing relationship. Tame  –pre-existing relationship based on the  assurances  given.  81 81
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Work Stress Case Important because HC put major break on expansion of this group of cases  (Koehler v Cerebos) HC – Ds no duty of care – Mr K was sales rep – retrenched – offered substitute job setting up displays – found it impossible to do required amount of centres in allotted says– resigned 5 months later – doctor diagnosed her with depressive illness. 1)  Foreseeability : reasonable person in position of employer would not have foreseen risk of psych injury (each time she complained it was about physical problem of getting job done, not her mental stress) 2) Not just question of duty of care, or tort,  need to go back to contract employment –she agreed to go to X number of supermarkets in the time, she agreed to do it, therefore she had no remedy. ( Very important – breaks applied ): Kinds of psychiatric injury cases Secondary victim cases “Near Miss” – Fearing for own safety – being within zone of physical danger Dulieu v White: Held: An action could lie in negligence for nervous shock arising from a reasonable fear for one’s own immediate safety . The claimant was pregnant and behind the bar in her husband’s public house. A horse and cart crashed into the pub. The claimant was not physically injured but feared for her safety and suffered shock.   She   gave   birth   prematurely   nine   days   later   and   the   child   suffered
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