The liberal party of canada the conservative party of

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The Liberal Party of Canada The Conservative Party of Canada The New Democratic Party Bloc Québécois The Green Party of Canada
Canadian Parties First Party System, 1867-1921 Liberals and Conservatives dominated Canadian politics. Conservatives began in 1854 with MacDonald Mackenzie headed the Liberal government from 1873-1878. Went from one-party dominance of Conservatives to two-party system with Liberals and Conservatives on equal footing.
Canadian Parties Second Party System, 1921-1957 Two-party system to a two-plus or two-and-a-half party system. 1921, farmers entered with progressive candidates. CCF (The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation) formed in Calgary in 1932. Third Party System, 1957-1993 Altering minority and majority governments. 1961 – the CCF entered a new phase and emerged from a founding convention as the New Democratic Party Although the CCF had never held power nationally, the adoption of many of its ideas by ruling parties contributed greatly to the development of the Canadian welfare state. 1980s, three-party system. NDP was entrenched as the third national party.
Canadian Parties Fourth Party System, 1993-? Emergence of two new regional parties Multi-party system? Canadian politics have become more regionalized
India
Overview Population – 1,236,344,631 (as of July 2014) GDP per capita – 1,499 (WB, 2013) HDI Ranking – 135th (medium) Languages – English, Hindi, also Bengali, Tamil, Urdu Ethnic groups Indo-Aryan 72% Dravidian 25% Other 3% Religious affiliation Hinduism 80.5% Islam 13.4% Christianity 2.3% Sikhism 1.9% Other 1.8%
Key Dates in the History of Modern India 1600 – home to large number of empires, states, and religious traditions, incl. Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sikhism 1600s – British East India Company arrives in India 1857 – Rebellion against the rule of the British East India Company 1858 – Britain asserts direct crown control over most India, and rules most of India through “Princely States” of local nobles 1915-1930s – Mohandas Gandhi becomes the leader of the Indian National Congress and leads protests against British rule Other influential leaders are Jawaharlal Nehru and Muhammad Ali Jinnah of the Muslim League
Key Dates in the History of Modern India 1947 – Independence and partition of India into India and Pakistan 1948 – Mohandas Gandhi assassinated by Hindu fundamentalist 1950 – Constitution adopted 1964 – death of Nehru 1966 – Indira Gandhi (daughter of Nehru) becomes PM 1971 – India and Pakistan fight over East Pakistan, which separated from West Pakistan and became Bangladesh 1974 – India explodes a nuclear device 1975-1977 – Martial law under Indira Gandhi 1977 - INC loses power for the first time
Key Dates in the History of Modern India 1979 – Indira Gandhi returns as PM 1984 – Indira Gandhi assassinated by her Sikh bodyguard, riots and the massacre of the members of the Sikh minority follow, Rajiv Gandhi becomes PM 1989 – Protests in Kashmir, a Muslim majority area administered by India on the border between India and Pakistan 1991 – Rajiv Gandhi assassinated by militants seeking a separate

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