Prohibit the importation of slaves into ant colonies

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Prohibit the importation of slaves into ant colonies: 1808- morality + fear! e. New York + Slavery i. War in europe decrease demand for tobacco- less need for slave labor ii. Feeding the increasing # of Africans in West Indies iii. Material to operate sugar plantations + mills iv. Sugar distilleries- 16 in NYC v. Ship building- Rhode Island most complicit
vi. Presence of slave catchers in the “free North” vii. “The Great Negro Plot” of 1741- NYC f. The process in the North- Remember RI has good waterways but not good soil or weather- but they still wanted a piece of the pie g. Northern colonies sent food, livestock, wood (4 barrels) to plantations in West Indies h. Enslaved Africans in the West Indies- Jamaica and barbados- harvest the cane + unload the barrel made with New England Wood i. The raw products (sugar and molasses) are shipped back north. cotton also came up North but mostly from the US South ii. Northern Distilleries turn the Molasses into rum. sell the sugar to expanding sugar Market iii. The Rum is then used as payment in Africa for enslaved Africans shipped to the slave market / sugar plantations in the West Indies where the process starts again i. New york + Pennsylvania- first states to organize anti slavery movement i. Slavery abolished by 1829 in New York ii. Motto “am I not a man and a brother” :( iii. Seasoning- breaking someone down j. Last slave fast ship to bring enslaved africans to north american- The Wanderer (1859) during civil war 28. Reconstruction a. 12 year period (1865-1877) to rebuild the union following the civil war b. Former slaves become citizens c. Gain right to vote d. hold political office e. Confederate states were restored. 29. 13th Amendment a. 1865 b. Slavery abolished i. Did NOT include citizenship ii. Equal protection: “You attack me I can take you to court and sue u” iii. Neither slavery noinvoluntaryy servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the US. congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation 1. except as a punishment for crime- loophole 30. 14th Amendment a. 1868 b. made any person born in the US a citizen of the US + of the state in which he/she lived. Ensures equal rights 31. 15th Amendment a. 1870 b. the right of African MEN to vote couldn’t be denied on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude i. women were not allowed to vote until 1921 with the 19th amendment 32. Frederick Douglass a. Born into slavery in 1818 b. After escaping slavery he became a key leader ofthe aabolitionist movement and anti slavery movement c. July 5, 1852- new york, gave famous speech to address Rochester ladies’ anti-slavery society, celebration of 4th of July i. Justice, liberty, freedom, independence ii. Help support the Anti Slavery movement iii. NY- leading voice of Anti slavery d. Famous for his oratory and incisive antislavery writings.

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