Smoke management smoke control with the warehouse now

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Smoke Management & Smoke Control With the warehouse now storing intermediate bulk containers (IBS) totes containing cooking oil which produces lots of smoke when burning the warehouse needs to look at the possibility of installing a smoke management system, to evacuate the smoke out of the building. This will allow employees to have a clear path they can see to be able to exit the building. Having a means of evacuating the smoke from the build will also allow firefighters to be able to fight the fire more efficiently. Koffel, author of Designing smoke control systems explains that effective smoke control starts with a properly designed and maintained fire suppression system. Smoke control is not just an engineered system, but rather is a comprehensive approach to fire safety in a building, established by the integration of various building characteristics, features, or systems. Effective smoke control starts with providing automatic sprinkler protection. Properly designed, installed, and maintained automatic sprinkler systems will assist in accomplishing any smoke control, limiting fire growth and therefore the quantity of smoke produced. (Koffel, 2014) The warehouse needs to look at installing a smoke control, and smoke management systems. The warehouses will benefit from the use of a passive pressurization system. Dampeners in the heating and air ducts so they will be able to be sealed in the event of a fire. With the ducts being sealed the smoke will not be able to flow through the building, causing 25
SCENARIO-BASED CASE STUDY smoke inhalation, and impaired visibility to the employees that are trying to exit the facility. To go along with the dampeners, exhaust fans and intake fans need to be installed. Brakhage, Abrams, & Fortney (2016) state that smoke will follow the path of least resistance. This includes the buildings HVAC system, cracks, pipe penetration etc. By having an exhaust fan, it will suck out the smoke that is in the building, and with the intake fans it will draw ambient air from outside the building and push it in causing the smoke to be pushed to the path of least resistance. In this case it will be the opening of the exhaust fan. There should also be smoke detecting devices installed. When the detectors detect the presence of smoke, it will active the smoke control and management systems, (exhaust and intake fans, and HVAC dampeners), along with sounding the alarms. These controls will also be tied into the fire suppression system, so when the fire suppression system is automatically or manually activated these controls will also be activated. Designing a smoke control system can be difficult because “it is a multi-disciplinary affair. Engaging a fire protection engineer to perform computer fire/smoke modeling can seem like overkill to an architect, although it is necessary for the interconnectedness of modern buildings (Kuhn, 2014)”. There is going to be a lot of design planning for the re model of the warehouse. The owner(s), managers, fire department, the city, engineers for the re model, and

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