The constitution of texas today articles 1 and 2 28

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The Constitution of Texas Today: Articles 1 and 228Article 1: Bill of RightsRights are listed up front, in order to stress limits upon the state’s powersThe right to republican governmentis powerfully articulatedIt is much more detailed and specific than the U.S. Bill of RightsArticle 2: The Powers of GovernmentThree branches: legislative, executive, and judicial
The Constitution of Texas Today: Article 329Article 3: Legislative DepartmentThe Texas House of Representatives (two-year terms) and the Texas Senate (four-year terms)Limits on salariesThe Texas Ethics CommissionThe comptroller of public accountsThe largest portion of Article 3 is dedicated to addressing a variety of policy issues
The Constitution of Texas Today: Article 430Article 4: Executive DepartmentCreates a plural executive: the executive department consists of six offices, five of which are electedNot just the governorSecretary of state is appointed by the governor with Senate approvalIndependently elected offices limit governor powerDifferent parties may hold (and have held) executive power
The Constitution of Texas Today: Articles 5 and 631Article 5: Judicial DepartmentTexas effectively has two supreme courtsCriminal cases: Texas Court of Criminal AppealsCivil cases: Texas Supreme CourtAll justices and judges are electedArticle 6: SuffrageWho votes in Texas and the legislative roles in elections
The Constitution of Texas Today: Articles 7–932Article 7: EducationPublic schools promote a republican form of governmentRequires Texas to support, maintain, and fund an efficient system of public schools; and to create of a Board of EducationArticle 8: Taxation and RevenueArticles 9 and 11: Local Government
The Constitution of Texas Today: Articles 10, 12–16Articles 10, 12, 13, and 14Railroads, private corporations, Spanish and Mexican land titles, and public landsArticle 15: ImpeachmentImpeachmentis a formal charge by which a state official may be removed from officeThe House and Senate (and the courts) decide what constitutes an impeachable offense
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Article 16: General Provisions
The Constitution of Texas Today: Article 1734Article 17: Amending the ConstitutionA four-stage processThe legislature proposes amendmentsThey must be approved by a two-thirds majority voteExplanations of amendments must be published twice in recognized newspapersA majority of state voters must approve
Recent Attempts to Rewrite the Texas Constitution35
Recent Attempts to Rewrite the Constitution: Sharpstown36In 1979, there was a drive to rewrite the Texas Constitution.It grew out of stock fraud involving the Sharpstown State Bank and the National Bankers Life Insurance Company.Resulting convictions created a “throw the rascals out” mentality in the 1972 election.However, special interest groups mobilized and derailed efforts to rewrite the constitution.
Recent Attempts to Rewrite the Texas Constitution: Ratliff-Junell Proposal37

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