Chapter 16 Equality and Civil Rights Section 161 Two Conceptions of Equality

Chapter 16 equality and civil rights section 161 two

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__________________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 16: Equality and Civil Rights Section 16.1 Two Conceptions of Equality Answer the following question: 1. What is the difference between equality of opportunity and equality of outcome? Equality of opportunity is everyone should have the same opportunity to get ahead. Equality of outcome is equality among social groups, ability before race, religion, sex Section 16.2 The Civil War Amendments Answer the following questions: 1. Explain the three major ideas of the Fourteenth Amendment. Free slaves are citizens, it also prohibits the states from abridging the “privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States” or depriving “any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.” The amendment then goes on to guarantee equality under the law, declaring that no state shall deny anyone equal protection of the law 2. What are black codes/Jim Crow laws? laws enacted by the former slave states to restrict the freedom of blacks. 3. Describe racial segregation in the United States. Reference the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott (found in chapter 4.2 in subsection Judicial Interpretation). Separation of society because race 4. Explain the separate but equal doctrine. separate facilities for blacks and whites satisfied the Fourteenth Amendment as long as they were equal. 5. How did the court apply the Fourteenth Amendment in Plessy v. Ferguson? * See Mentor note in Section 15.2 about what you should know about each court case. Under the Plessy ruling, Missouri could not shift to other states its responsibility to provide an equal education for blacks. Section 16.3 The Dismantling School Segregation Answer the following questions: How did the court apply the Fourteenth Amendment in Brown v. Board of Education? * See Mentor note in Section 15.2 about what you should know about each court case. it ruled that Page 46 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution school systems must desegregate “with all deliberate speed” and assigned the task of supervising desegregation to the lower federal courts. 1. Explain the differences between de facto and de jure segregation. Which of these types of segregation was upheld in the Plessy case, but dismantled in the Brown case? Section 16.4 The Civil Rights Movement Answer the following questions: 1. Describe the civil rights movement. The mass mobilization during the 1960s that sought to gain equality of rights and opportunities for blacks in the South and to a lesser extent in the North, mainly through nonviolent, unconventional means of participation 2. Who was Rosa Parks and why was she significant to the civil rights movement? Parks boarded a city bus on her way home from work and took an available seat in the front of the bus; she refused to give up her seat when the driver asked her to do so. She was arrested and fined $10 for violating the city ordinance. sounded the first call to action 3. What was the Montgomery Bus Boycott and why was it significant to the civil rights movement?
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