Lecture_12

Smoking costs over 150 billion annually in health

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Smoking costs = over $150 billion annually in health care costs. Cardiovascular disease and reproductive problems
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9 Mouth cancer ad http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-YjrkBYDDQM&feature=related
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10 Smoking causes * Atherosclerosis * Heart disease * Vascular disease * Stroke * Gangrene * Lung cancer * Throat cancer * Mouth cancer * Chronic bronchitis * Reduced lung function * Emphysema * Blindness
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11 Smoking results in…. mouth cancer tongue cancer gangrene
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12 Singing Cowboys ad http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eshSlxe9qd0
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13 HIV destroys the immune system so 1) Latent viruses in the body can reactivate 2) Impaired immune surveillance, so cancers that develop are not destroyed Why are CANCERS associated with HIV infection??? HIV positive patients typically present with more advanced cancer at time of diagnosis, average age is younger Cancers are more Aggressive and Prognosis is worse
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14 Cancers associated with HIV infection HIV infection carries with it a high susceptibility to certain cancers Due to severe and progressive impairment of immune system Kaposi’s Sarcoma - HHV-8 Lymphoma = cancer of immune cells Invasive cervical cancer - HPV HIV Provirus : A cancer connection Oncogene
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15 Normally a slow growing tumor of the muscle and skin . Look like bruises or birthmark lesions in skin Lower extremities in elderly Mediterranean men & Ashkenazi Jews. Slowly spreads to trunk and arms Kaposi’s Sarcoma Almost a quarter of all AIDS patients will get KS Is 1 of the most common diseases associated with AIDS KS in AIDS patients = very aggressive Affected individuals survive less than 2 years
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16 Kaposi’s Sarcoma
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17 Kaposi’s Sarcoma Sarcoma Classic Kaposi’s Dark blue macules Kaposi’s Sarcoma AIDS-Associated
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Smoking costs over 150 billion annually in health care...

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