Independent variable something we are not

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independent variable: - something we are not manipulating: subject variable (catatrophising or not) - with these 2 variables: quasi-experimental study (because not manipulating all variables) - data suggests that in free thought: catastrophizers think about it a bit more but when you specifically ask them not to, catastrophisers have a whole lot of thought intrusion! - design: 2 way factorial (2 levels of each factor) - one variable manipulating: suppression - subject variable: catatrophizing - dependent variable: number of references about upcoming pain procedure Explaining negative outcomes - how we explain negative events has much to do with our level of depression - ex. you get a D on midterm, you feel bad . Your mind is trying to protect you from feeling too bad (buffer). - my dog kept eating my homework - my roommate parties every night - my alarm clock didn’t work - i did not have time to study - i was really think - when we come up with these kinds of interpretations of the negative events we are finding excuses; because if we fail and then say “I am so stupid” then you will stupid tomorrow and it will be an enduring trait and this will make you feel really bad. your emotional mind knows that and doesn’t want you to go there Internal versus External - I am so stupid - My roomate parties every night How Do You Feel? Bad Good - people with low self-esteem don’t take the etra step to find the explanation to make them feel less bad; they will chose an internal attribution of negative outcomes - the more people do this the more 215: Jan 25th, 2011
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Self Protection - I did well because... - i am smart ** - I studied hard * - the test was easy - - I slept well - - I bought the answers -- - I cheated -- - Its the second time i took this course -- Self Protection - I did poorly because... - I am stupid --- - I did not study -- - the test was unfair - - i was up all night with the flu - - i was worried about my sick grandmother - - everyone else cheated - - he’s a bad teacher - - its not my major -- - research suggests that this self-serving style will attribute external factors to negative events and internal factors to positive events Strategic self-depreciation? - ex. I come home to bad evaluations and make these negative remarks, his wife will try to save them by random reasons. He makes an internal stable attribution for a negative event and his wife knows that will make him feel bad so she tries to make an unstable external attribution to make him feel better. people sometimes do this to get the results above.
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