O implications of schachters theory its quite

This preview shows page 15 - 19 out of 39 pages.

o implications of Schachter’s theory: it’s quite possible for people to misattribute their arousal Eckman’s facial feedback theory o Basic emotions associated with different facial expressions o Thus, sensory feedback from facial expressions emotional experience (and corresponding physiological reactions) o Ex: smiling Person smiling—I’m smiling therefore I’m happy Emotion and the brain Amygdala essential for unconscious emotional responses; receives sensory input (subcortically), judges whether response needed, generates bodily reaction Prefrontal cortex essential for full conscious experience of emotions, planned action based on emotions o emotions evoking approach: more activity in left prefrontal cortex o emotions evoking withdrawal” more activity in right prefrontal cortex ° ° Human Development Systematic changes and continuities in the individual that occur between conception and death o Systematic?—orderly, following a known pattern o Continuities?—there are some ways in which we remain the same over time
Human Development Part I 10/17/2012 ° Human Development : systematic changes and continuities in the individual that occur between conception and death
Systematic?- orderly, following a known pattern Continuities?- there are some ways in which we remain the same over time ° Key Theoretical debates about development Nature-nurture issue o How much development determined by genetic forces, and how much environmental forces? Continuity-discontinuity issue o Development gradual and quantitative, or more abrupt and qualitative? Universality-context-specificity issue o Are developmental changes universal? Or do they differ from person to person or culture to culture? ° How study development? Cross-sectional studies o Study multiple cohorts at one point in time Example: perform study comparing reaction times of groups of 10- year-olds, 40-year-olds, and 70 year-olds Longitudinal studies o Study one cohort at multiple points in time For example, enroll sample of 40 year-olds, follow every 5 years to assess cognitive functioning/symptoms of Alzheimer’s o Bad: expensive, people may not always come back Sequential studies o Study multiple cohorts at multiple points in time For example, assess the health behaviors of four different cohorts (20,35,50, and 65 year olds) every 5 years
o Disadvantage: cost, personnel needed to track every participant down ° Cognitive Development: thought and language What do we need to develop when we are very young? o An understanding of objects (and their properties) o An understanding of people o A way to communicate about all of it ° Motor Development Cognitive development is interwoven with Motor Development How do infants begin to learn about the world? Active touch!

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture