100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 15 - 19 out of 39 pages.
oimplications of Schachter’s theory: it’s quite possible for people to misattribute their arousalEckman’s facial feedback theoryoBasic emotions associated with different facial expressionsoThus, sensory feedback from facial expressions emotional experience (and corresponding physiological reactions)oEx: smilingPerson smiling—I’m smiling therefore I’m happyEmotion and the brainAmygdalaessential for unconscious emotional responses; receives sensory input (subcortically), judges whether response needed, generates bodily reactionPrefrontal cortexessential for full conscious experience of emotions, planned action based on emotionsoemotions evoking approach: more activity in left prefrontal cortexoemotions evoking withdrawal” more activity in right prefrontal cortex°°Human DevelopmentSystematic changes and continuities in the individual that occur between conception and deathoSystematic?—orderly, following a known patternoContinuities?—there are some ways in which we remain the same over time
Human Development Part I10/17/2012°Human Development: systematic changes and continuities in the individual that occur between conception and death
Systematic?- orderly, following a known patternContinuities?- there are some ways in which we remain the sameover time°Key Theoretical debates about developmentNature-nurture issueoHow much development determined by genetic forces, and how much environmental forces?Continuity-discontinuity issueoDevelopment gradual and quantitative, or more abrupt and qualitative?Universality-context-specificity issueoAre developmental changes universal? Or do they differ from person to personor culture to culture?°How study development?Cross-sectional studiesoStudy multiple cohorts at one point in timeExample: perform study comparing reaction times of groups of 10-year-olds, 40-year-olds, and 70 year-oldsLongitudinal studiesoStudy one cohort at multiple points in timeFor example, enroll sample of 40 year-olds, follow every 5 years to assess cognitive functioning/symptoms of Alzheimer’soBad: expensive, people may not always come back Sequential studiesoStudy multiple cohorts at multiple points in timeFor example, assess the health behaviors of four different cohorts (20,35,50, and 65 year olds) every 5 years
oDisadvantage: cost, personnel needed to track every participant down°Cognitive Development: thought and languageWhat do we need to develop when we are very young?oAn understanding of objects (and their properties)oAn understanding of peopleoA way to communicate about all of it°Motor DevelopmentCognitive development is interwoven with Motor DevelopmentHow do infants begin to learn about the world? Active touch!