given S EX as t 0 then C given S EX as t 0 then C S EX as t then C S 4

Given s ex as t 0 then c given s ex as t 0 then c s

This preview shows page 21 - 25 out of 30 pages.

given S < EX: as t ® 0, then C ® 0 given S > EX: as t ® 0, then C ® S - EX as t ® , then C ® S 4. Volatility: given S < PV(EX): as s ® 0, then C ® 0 given S > PV(EX): as s ® 0, then C ® S – PV(EX) as s ® , then C ® S 5. Interest rate: r ® , then C ® S
Image of page 21
Some important definitions: ”Moneyness” of an option A Call is “in-the-money” if S t > EX “out-of-the-money” if S t < EX “at-the-money” if S t EX A Put is “in-the-money” if S t < EX “out-of-the-money” if S t > EX “at-the-money” if S t EX
Image of page 22
Review questions for lecture 3: Q1: Bullmart Inc.’s common stock is currently trading at 330p, and can go up by a factor of 1.2 or down by a factor of 1/1.2 each period. The periodic riskfree rate is 5%. What is the value of a two-period European put on Bullmart with a strike price of 300p? (Bullmart does not pay any dividends.) Q2: Insert the Black and Scholes formula to Excel [the cumulative standard normal distribution for a variable x is given by NORMSDIST(x)] and verify the calculations done in page 7. Examine what effects do changes in parameters have on the option price. Verify that the call option price is increasing in S 0 , the interest rate, r c , time to maturity, T, and price volatility, s , and that it is decreasing in the exercise price, EX. Q3: You have estimated from financial market data that the annual volatility of XYZ is 15%. Today the price of XYZ is $100. Assume that XYZ does not pay any dividends. You are interested in valuing a call option on XYZ maturing in two year’s time. Assume that the annual interest rate is 10%. a) Construct a two period binomial tree (t= 0,1,2) for XYZ (that is, let D t =1) b) Now consider a call option on XYZ with exercise price EX = $110 that expires in period 2. Find the replicating portfolio for this option first at time t=1 and then at t=0. c) What are the rebalancing trades? d) Price the same call option using the “risk neutral pricing” method. Q4: You have estimated from financial market data that the annual volatility of QWE is also 15%. Similarly to the company in the previous example, the price of QWA is also $100. One difference exists, however, in that QWE is expected to pay a $6 dividend at time 1. Remember that the option holders are not entitled to receive the dividend. a) How does the binomial tree for QWE’s stock look like in the presence of this known $6 dollar dividend? b) Use risk neutral pricing method to value a call option on QWE’s stock assuming that the exercise price of the option is still $110. Explain the difference between QWE’s option price and the price of the XYZ’s option.
Image of page 23
Answers: Q1. The two-period stock price tree for Bullmart is: 330 To price the put option, we first determine the terminal payoffs. Then, because all we need to do is to price the option, the quickest method is to use risk neutral pricing, working backwards from t=2.
Image of page 24
Image of page 25

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 30 pages?

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes