Napoleons invasion of spain in 1807 weakened royal

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Napoleon's invasion of Spain in 1807 weakened royal control of colonies. Therefore in 1810, peasants revolted inMexico led by Hidalgo, forming a republic in 1822.Regional, transregional and global structures and organizationsBerlin Conference (1884-1885): European powers set rules for carving Africa into colonies27. Europe- several pan national ideas of Europe developed, some of them based on Aryanism and other race theories.After Nazi policies and the holocaust discredited these racial theories the emphasis shifted to cultural pan nationalism.There was support for Europe to become a single nation.Africa- a nationalist political movement for one unified Africa, or the acknowledgment of African tribes by institutingtheir own states, as well as the safeguarding of their indigenous customs. Some establishments include Aborigines’Rights Protection Society and African National Congress.Asia- The decision at the 1919 Peace conference in Paris gave rise to the May Fourth Movement.Spearheaded bystudents and intellectuals in Chinas urban areas, the movement galvanized the country, and all classes of Chineseagainst foreign influence.28. Creation, expansion and interaction of economic systemsAgricultural and pastoral productionAmerican food crops such as, manioc, maize, and peanuts were introduced to sub-Saharan Africa.Trade and commerceTriangular trade between North America, Africa and Latin America helped spread precious cash crops and othergoods throughout the regions. Africa sent slaves to North and South America; in return, North and South Americasent items such as sugar and other manufactured goods.Congo exported rubber to many European countries.Labor systemsAfter the Western European countries exploited and killed countless native peoples in America, they went into Africato bring more slaves to Europe. Slave trades were abolished in the 1800s in Africa.IndustrializationIndustrialization led the world to become truly interdependent. Industrialized nations in search of raw material andnew markets often imperialized areas toprotect their economic interests.The British did not encourage the process of industrialization in Latin America, but invested in sheep and cattleranching there.
29.PEASANTRY AND WORKING CLASS WOMENThe women of the peasantry and working class were no better off than their male counterparts. Women of these twoclasses did physical labor alongside their husbands, and even young girls started helping out with family work from avery young age. The living and working conditions were very harsh by normal standards, with the working classhaving it bit better.PEASANTSWomen of the peasantry class had it worse than their working class counterparts. There was basically no differencebetween males and females of the peasant class because both genders labored over the same work with a few minordifferent tasks. Women helped plow the land, raise cattle, housework, etc. Peasants usually lived in shacks whichwere vulnerable to the heat of the summer and the chill of the winter. When an early frost struck or a disease wiped

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