Part B When the Quran was not translated until the modern period there were

Part b when the quran was not translated until the

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Part B When the Qur’an was not translated until the modern period, there were various ways in which Islam was “translated” for Indians from the 11th century onwards. The first way for such translation and transfer of Qur’anic knowledge was through the building of mosques across the country. Historical annals outline that t he first Indian mosque (Cheraman Juma Mosque) is likely to have been built by Malik Deenar around 629 CE even though some scholars argue that the first mosque was established in Gujarat between 610 CE and 623 CE. The establishment of these mosques aided in the spread of Islam to Indians who were curious about the new religion that
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SURVEY OF SOUTH ASIA 6 Arabic merchants brought to their shores ( Avari, 2013). In addition to building mosques, Islam was 'translated' to Indians by converting various communities to the ways of Islam. It is evident that Arab traders and other Muslim clerics carried out widespread missionary activities throughout the Indian coast and mainland, resulting in the acceptance of Islam by natives. A common legend outlines that two Indian travelers (Baalam Nath and Rupnath visited Imam Mustansir’s courts and were so amazed that they converted to Islam and started preaching Islam in India in 1073 CE. These activities, in view of scholastic sources, aided in the transliteration of Qur’anic teachings to Indians. Besides these actions, historical evidence asserts that the interaction among Muslims and Arabs with Indians from Islam’s very early days through intermarriages also aided in the ‘translation’ of the religion to most regions within the country ( Melton & Baumann, 2010). Marriage between Indians and merchants who refused to return home was common and such interactions led to the growth of Muslim-Indian communities that were responsible for enlightening the locals about Islamic beliefs and practices. What is more, several Hindu slaves chose to convert to Islam as a means of gaining their liberties further propagating Islam within the country.
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SURVEY OF SOUTH ASIA 7 References Avari, B. (2013). Islamic Civilization in South Asia. London: Routledge. Lipner, J. (2004). On Hinduism and Hinduisms: The Way of the Banyan . London: Routledge. Melton, J. G., & Baumann, M. (2010). Religions of the World, Second Edition: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices. ABC-CLIO. Sharma, J. (2004). Hindutva: Exploring the Idea of Hindu Nationalism , Penguin Global.
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